Dissident Women: Gender and Cultural Politics in Chiapas


Speed, Shannon, Castillo Hernandez, Aída Rosalva and Lynn Stephen. 2006. Dissident Women: Gender and Cultural Politics in Chiapas. Austin, US: University of Texas Press.

Authors: Shannon Speed, Castillo Hernandez, Aída Rosalva , Lynn Stephen


Presents a diverse collection of voices exploring the human rights and gender issues that gained international attention after the first public appearance of the Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN) in 1994. This book examines the achievements of and challenges facing women participating in the Zapatista movement. (Summary from WorldCat)


Preface: Indigenous Organizing and the EZLN in the Context of Neoliberalism in Mexico Lynn M. Stephen and Shannon Speed and R. Aida Hernandez Castillo


Section 1. Key Women's Documents 

  1. Women's Revolutionary Law
  2. Women's Rights in Our Traditions and Customs
  3. Comandanta Esther: Speech before the Mexican Congress
  4. International Day of the Rebel Woman
  5. Introduction R. Aida Hernandez Castillo and Lynn M. Stephen and Shannon Speed 

Section 2 Indigenous Women's Organizing in Chiapas and Mexico: Historical Trajectories, Border Crossings

  1. Chapter 1 Between Feminist Ethnocentricity and Ethnic Essentialism: The Zapatistas' Demands and the National Indigenous Women's Movement R. Aida Hernandez Castillo
  2. Chapter 2 Indigenous Women and Zapatismo: New Horizons of Visibility Margara Millan Moncayo
  3. Chapter 3 Gender and Stereotypes in the Social Movements of Chiapas Sonia Toledo Tello and Anna Maria Garza Caligaris
  4. Chapter 4 Weaving in the Spaces: Indigenous Women's Organizing and the Politics of Scale in Mexico Maylei Blackwell

Section 3 Rights and Gender in Ethnographic Context

  1. Chapter 5 Indigenous Women's Activism in Oaxaca and Chiapas Lynn M. Stephen
  2. Chapter 6 Autonomy and a Handful of Herbs: Contesting Gender and Ethnic Identities through Healing Melissa M. Forbis
  3. Chapter 7 Rights at the Intersection: Gender and Ethnicity in Neoliberal Mexico Shannon Speed
  4. Chapter 8 "We Can No Longer Be Like Hens with Our Heads Bowed, We Must Raise Our Heads and Look Ahead": A Consideration of the Daily Life of Zapatista Women Violeta Zylberberg Panebianco

Topics: Armed Conflict, Combatants, Female Combatants, Gender, Women, Indigenous, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Militias, Tribe, Violence Regions: Americas, North America Countries: Mexico

Year: 2006

Gender Relations and Development in a Weak State: The Rebuilding of Afghanistan


Riphenburg, Carol J. 2003. “Gender Relations and Development in a Weak State: The Rebuilding of Afghanistan.” Central Asian Survey 22 (2-3): 187–207. doi:10.1080/0263493032000157726.

Author: Carol J. Riphenburg

Topics: Democracy / Democratization, Development, Gender, Women, Governance, Post-Conflict Governance, Nationalism, Post-Conflict, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Religion, Terrorism, Tribe Regions: Asia, South Asia Countries: Afghanistan

Year: 2003

Swines, Hazels, and the Dirty Dozen: Masculinity, Territoriality, and the Youth Gangs of Soweto, 1960-1976


Glaser, Clive. 1998. “Swines, Hazels, and the Dirty Dozen: Masculinity, Territoriality, and the Youth Gangs of Soweto, 1960-1976.” Journal of South African Studies 24 (4): 719-736. 

Author: Clive Glaser


During the 1960s and early 1970s, the youth gangs of Soweto, like their predecessors throughout the Witwatersrand in the 1940s and 1950s, developed a sense of masculine identity intimately linked to their territories. There was a great deal of cultural continuity between these exclusively male urban gangs and rural age grades: groups of male adolescents separated off from established households to experiment with their sexuality, hone their fighting skills and assert their independence. The social mobility of most city-bred black youths, however, was blocked and much of their masculine dignity was invested in their ability to dominate their local streets. Gang identity depended on an overlap of personal and spatial familiarity, which took time to develop. Gangs therefore usually emerged in fairly settled neighbourhoods. While there was relative continuity in gang formation in the older parts of Soweto, especially Orlando, gangs took longer to cohere in the newly resettled parts of Soweto like Meadowlands and Diepkloof.

Topics: Age, Youth, Clan, Gender, Men, Boys, Masculinity/ies, Tribe, Violence Regions: Africa, Southern Africa Countries: South Africa

Year: 1998

Big Men and Ballots: The Effects of Traditional Leaders on Elections and Distributive Politics in Zambia


Baldwin, Kate. 2010. "Big Men and Ballots: The Effects of Traditional Leaders on Elections and Distributive Politics in Zambia." PhD. Diss. Columbia University. 

Author: Kate Baldwin


This dissertation examines an inconsistency in the literature on African politics. Most scholars accept that African politics is "patrimonial"; politicians stay in power by building relationships with local big men, such as traditional chiefs, who can mobilize support for them. However, the vast majority of governments in Africa are now elected, and when voters choose their government in the secrecy of the ballot box, it is not clear that traditional chiefs can influence how they vote. An "institutionalist" perspective would suggest that chiefs' political views are irrelevant once the secret ballot has been instituted.

Topics: Gender, Men, Gendered Power Relations, Patriarchy, Governance, Elections, Tribe Regions: Africa, Southern Africa Countries: Zambia

Year: 2010

Between the Human, the Citizen and the Tribal


Bora, Papori. 2010. “Between the Human, the Citizen and the Tribal.” International Feminist Journal Of Politics 12 (3): 341-60.

Author: Bora Papori


On 15 July 2004, a public protest was staged in the state of Manipur, in India's Northeast, to oppose the rape and custodial killing of a young Meitei woman, Thangjam Manorama, by soldiers of a counter-insurgency paramilitary battalion, the Assam Rifles, who suspected she was a militant. At this protest, several women appeared nude, holding a banner that read 'Indian army rape us'. This analysis considers how we might read the nudity and the statement 'Indian army rape us'. I argue that the language of law, human rights and women's rights as human rights, are inadequate to analyze the protest and the events surrounding it because they do not situate the protest within larger political struggles in the Northeast. Further, such universalist approaches take categories like 'Indian citizen', 'woman' and 'tribal' as a given and do not allow for an engagement with how these categories are mutually constituted, or the law's complicity in their constitution. Accordingly, concerns about contested notions of citizenship that are at the heart of the Manipur protest cannot be adequately addressed within this framework. Instead, I suggest a postcolonial feminist analytics as an alternative means to engage with the political questions raised by the protest.

Keywords: women and political participation in India, rape as a weapon of war

Topics: Armed Conflict, Citizenship, Democracy / Democratization, Feminisms, Gender, Women, Gender Roles, Gender-Based Violence, Governance, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Paramilitaries, Rights, Human Rights, Women's Rights, Sexual Violence, Male Perpetrators, Rape, SV against Women, Tribe, Violence Regions: Asia, South Asia Countries: India

Year: 2010

"Sitting on a Man": Colonialism and the Lost Political Institutions of Igbo Women


Allen, Judith van. 1972. “‘Sitting on a Man’: Colonialism and the Lost Political Institutions of Igbo Women.” Canadian Journal of African Studies/Revue Canadienne Des Études Africaines 6 (2): 165–81.

Author: Judith van Allen

Topics: Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Gender, Women, Gender Roles, Political Participation, Tribe Regions: Africa, West Africa Countries: Nigeria

Year: 1972

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