Race

Está listo (Are you ready)? Gender, Race and Land Registration in the Río Plántano Biosphere Reserve

Citation:

Mollett, Sharlene. 2010. "Está listo (Are you ready)? Gender, Race and Land Registration in the Río Plántano Biosphere Reserve.” Gender, Place and Culture 17 (3): 357-375.

Author: Sharlene Mollett

Abstract:

Geographers and political ecologists are paying increased attention to the ways in which conservation policies disrupt indigenous customary tenure arrangements. However, much less attention is given to the particular ways protected area management shapes natural resource access for indigenous women. With this in mind, this article examines how a recently proposed state land project in Honduras, Catastro y Regularización, requires that Miskito residents individuate collective family lands in the interests of 'sustainable development' and 'biodiversity protection'. In the debates that followed the project's announcement, Miskito women feared that such measures would erase their customary access to family lands. As the state's project seeks to re-order Reserve land, intra-Miskito struggles intensified among villagers. Such struggles are not only gendered but are shaped by longstanding processes of racialization in Honduras and the Mosquitia region. Drawing upon ethnographic research, I argue that Miskito women's subjectivity and rights to customary family holdings are informed by their ability to make 'patriarchal bargains' with Miskito men inside the Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve. Such findings suggest that scholars and policy makers continue to reflect on the ways global conservation and sustainable development practices may undermine indigenous customary tenure securities, whether intentionally or not.

Keywords: indigenous peoples, gender, land registration, protected areas, racialization

Topics: Gender, Women, Gendered Power Relations, Patriarchy, Indigenous, Indigenous Knowledge Systems, Land Tenure, Race, Rights, Land Rights, Women's Rights Regions: Americas, Central America Countries: Honduras

Year: 2010

Sex Among Allies: Military Prostitution in US-Korea Relations

Citation:

Moon, Katharine H. S. 1997. Sex Among Allies: Military Prostitution in US-Korea Relations. New York: Columbia University Press.

Author: Katharine H. S. Moon

Abstract:

Drawing on a vast array of data - archival materials, interviews with officials, social workers, and the candid revelations of sex industry workers - Moon explores the way in which the bodies of Korean prostitutes - where, when, and how they worked and lived - were used by the United States and the Korean governments in their security agreements. Weaving together issues of gender, race, sex, the relationship between individuals and the state, and foreign policy, she shows how women such as the Korean prostitutes are marginalized and made invisible in militarily dependent societies both because of the degradation of their work and because of their importance for national security.

Keywords: prostitution, governance, military sexual assault, national security, sex trafficking

Topics: Gender, Women, Governance, Livelihoods, Sexual Livelihoods, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Militaries, Race, Security, Trafficking, Sex Trafficking Regions: Americas, North America, Asia, East Asia Countries: South Korea, United States of America

Year: 1997

Terrorist Assemblages: Homonationalism in Queer Times

Citation:

Puar, Jasbir K. 2007. Terrorist Assemblages: Homonationalism in Queer Times. Durham: Duke University Press.

Author: Jasbir K. Puar

Abstract:

Examines how liberal politics serves to incorporate certain queer subjects into the fold of the nation-state, through developments including the legal recognition inherent in the overturning of anti-sodomy laws and the proliferation of more mainstream representation. (WorldCat)

Keywords: Counterterrorism, Liberal Politics, nationalism, race, Securitization

Topics: Class, Feminisms, Gender, Health, HIV/AIDS, Nationalism, Race, Security, Sexuality

Year: 2007

Celling Black Bodies: Black Women in the Global Prison Industrial Complex

Citation:

Sudbury, Julia. 2005. "Celling Black Bodies: Black Women in the Global Prison Industrial Complex." Feminist Review 8: 162-79.

Author: Julia Sudbury

Abstract:

The past two decades have witnessed an explosion in the population of women prisoners in Europe, North America and Australasia, accompanied by a boom in prison construction. This article argues that this new pattern of women's incarceration has been forged by three overlapping phenomena. The first is the fundamental shift in the role of the state that has occurred as a result of the neo-liberal globalization. The second and related phenomenon is the emergence and subsequent global expansion of what has been labeled a 'prison industrial complex' made up of a intricate web of relations between state penal institutions, politicians and profit-driven prison corporations. The third is the emergence of a US-led global war on drugs which is symbiotically related and mutually constituted by the transnational trade in criminalized drugs. These new regimes of accumulation and discipline, I argue, build on older systems of racist and patriarchal exploitation to ensure the super-exploitation of black women within the global prison industrial complex. The article calls for a new anti-racist feminist analysis that explores how the complex matrix of race, class, gender and nationality meshes with contemporary globalized geo-political and economic realities. The prison industrial complex plays a critical role in sustaining the viability of the new global economy and black women are increasingly becoming the raw material that fuels its expansion and profitability. The article seeks to reveal the profitable synergies between drug enforcement, the prison industry, international financial institutions, media and politicians that are sending women to prison in ever increasing numbers.

Topics: Gender, Women, Justice, Race, Trafficking, Drug Trafficking Regions: Americas, North America, Asia, Europe, Oceania

Year: 2005

Educating Students About the War on Drugs: Criminal and Civil Consequences of a Felony Drug Conviction

Citation:

Reynolds, Marylee. 2004. "Educating Students about the War on Drugs: Criminal and Civil Consequences of a Felony Drug Conviction." Women's Studies Quarterly 32 (3-4): 246-60.

Author: Marylee Reynolds

Abstract:

American society is a patriarchal one, where the needs, issues, and concerns of women are largely ignored. It should not be surprising then, that when legislators enact crime control policies. Especially drug policies, the social and economic impact of such policies on women is rarely considered. Here, Reynolds examines the criminal and civil consequences of a felony conviction for women, including how legislative policies penalize women, particularly women of color.

Keywords: public administration, intersectionality, criminal justice, war on drugs

Topics: Economies, Gender, Patriarchy, Gender Equality/Inequality, Justice, Race Regions: Americas, North America Countries: United States of America

Year: 2004

The Wrong Race, Committing Crime, Doing Drugs, and Maladjusted for Motherhood: The Nation's Fury over "Crack Babies"

Citation:

Logan, Enid. 1999. "The Wrong Race, Committing Crime, Doing Drugs, and Maladjusted for Motherhood: The Nation's Fury over 'Crack Babies.'" Social Justice 26 (1): 115-38.

Author: Enid Logan

Abstract:

Women who use illegal drugs during pregnancy attracted intense public scrutiny and social condemnation during the 1990s. These women targeted by the courts and media are generally black, poor and addicted to crack cocaine. It is argued that the phenomenon of crack babies or children of crack cocaine-using women came about not because of a simple tragic interaction between illicit substances and a growing fetus but because of a broader conjunction of practices and ideologies linked with race, gender and class oppression, including the war on drugs and the debate on fetal rights.

Keywords: war on drugs, abortion rights, race, class oppression

Topics: Class, Gender, Women, Governance, Health, Reproductive Health, Race, Rights Regions: Americas, North America Countries: United States of America

Year: 1999

Gender, Race and Sentencing

Citation:

Daly, Kathleen, and Michael Tonry. 1997. "Gender, Race, and Sentencing." Crime and Justice 22: 201-252.

Authors: Kathleen Daly, Michael Tonry

Abstract:

Race and gender pose empirical and policy problems that are both similar and different for the U. S. criminal justice system. They are similar in that blacks and women occupy subordinate social and economic positions in American life, and their interests are less likely to be represented in the justice system than are those of white men. They are different in that blacks are overrepresented in arrest statistics and jail and prison populations while women are underrepresented. If over- (or under-) representation is assumed to result from similar effects of bias and subordination, the two patterns are hard to explain. The empirical literature on criminal courts reveals policy dilemmas in achieving "just" sentencing practices. Blacks (and especially black men) may be more likely than white men or women to benefit from tightly limited discretion and limited individualization of sentencing whereas women (both black and white) may be more likely to benefit from broader discretion and greater individualization. Future policies will need to confront the competing demands of justice that race and gender pose in the official response to crime.

Keywords: criminal justice, intersectionality, race, incarceration

Topics: Gender, Women, Gendered Power Relations, Justice, Race Regions: Americas, North America Countries: United States of America

Year: 1997

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