Printer-friendly versionSend by emailPDF version

Political Economies

Rethinking Peacekeeping, Gender Equality and Collective Security


Heathcote, Gina, and Diane Otto, eds. 2014. Rethinking Peacekeeping, Gender Equality and Collective Security. 1sted. Thinking Gender in Transnational Times. United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan Ltd.


Authors: Gina Heathcote, Diane Otto


"This book examines how the Security Council has approached issues of gender equality since 2000. Written by academics, activists and practitioners the book challenges the reader to consider how women's participation, gender equality, sexual violence and the prevalence of economic disadvantages might be addressed in post-conflict communities."

(Palgrave Macmillan)

Topics: Feminisms, Gender, Gender Analysis, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, Peacekeeping, Political Economies, Security, UN Security Council Resolutions on WPS, UNSCR 1325, Sexual Violence

Year: 2014

Women’s Political Participation and Economic Empowerment in Post-Conflict Countries


Sow, Ndeye. 2012. ‘Women’s Political Participation and Economic Empowerment in Post-Conflict Countries: Lessons from the Great Lakes Region in Africa’. London: International Alert.

Author: Ndeye Sow

Topics: Gender, Women, Masculinity/ies, Gender Analysis, Gender Budgeting, Gender Mainstreaming, Governance, Constitutions, Quotas, Elections, Post-conflict Governance, Peace Processes, Political Economies, Political Participation, Post-Conflict Regions: Africa, Central Africa, East Africa Countries: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Uganda

Year: 2012

Political Instability, Gender Discrimination, and Population Growth in Development Countries


Lehmijoki, Ulla and Tapio Palokangas. 2006. “Political Instability, Gender Discrimination, and Population Growth in Development Countries.” Journal of Population Economics 19 (2): 431-46.

Authors: Ulla Lehmijoki, Tapio Palokangas


This paper introduces gender discrimination and population growth into a model of political economy. The government keeps up the military for the sake of political instability in the country. It is shown that if the risk of internal conflicts is high, then the government needs a bigger military and a larger supply of young men for it. The government is then willing to boost population growth by keeping women outside the production (e.g. neglecting their education or restricting their movement). Some empirical evidence on the interdependence of political instability, population growth, and gender discrimination is provided. 

Keywords: population growth, discrimination, political instability

Topics: Armed Conflict, Civil Wars, Combatants, Male Combatants, Economies, Economic Inequality, Poverty, Gender, Women, Men, Girls, Boys, Gender Roles, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Hierarchies, Households, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Political Economies, Religion, Rights, Human Rights, Women's Rights Regions: Africa, MENA, North Africa, Asia, Middle East

Year: 2006

Does Oil Wealth Hurt Women? A Reply to Caraway, Charrad, Kang, and Norris


Ross, Michael L. 2009. “Does Oil Wealth Hurt Women? A Reply to Caraway, Charrad, Kang, and Norris.” Politics & Gender 5 (04): 575-82.

Author: Michael Ross

Topics: Development, Economies, Economic Inequality, Extractive Industries, Gender, Women, Livelihoods, Political Economies, Political Participation

Year: 2009

Making Sweatshops: The Globalization of the U.S. Apparel Industry


Rosen, Ellen Israel. 2002. Making Sweatshops: The Globalization of the U.S. Apparel Industry. Oakland, California: University of California Press.

Author: Ellen Israel Rosen


The only comprehensive historical analysis of the globalization of the U.S. apparel industry, this book focuses on the reemergence of sweatshops in the United States and the growth of new ones abroad. Ellen Israel Rosen, who has spent more than a decade investigating the problems of America's domestic apparel workers, now probes the shifts in trade policy and global economics that have spawned momentous changes in the international apparel and textile trade. "Making Sweatshops "asks whether the process of globalization can be promoted in ways that blend industrialization and economic development in both poor and rich countries with concerns for social and economic justice-especially for the women who toil in the industry's low-wage sites around the world. Rosen looks closely at the role trade policy has played in globalization in this industry. She traces the history of current policies toward the textile and apparel trade to cold war politics and the reconstruction of the Pacific Rim economies after World War II. Her narrative takes us through the rise of protectionism and the subsequent dismantling of trade protection during the Reagan era to the passage of NAFTA and the continued push for trade accords through the WTO. Going beyond purely economic factors, this valuable study elaborates the full historical and political context in which the globalization of textiles and apparel has taken place. Rosen takes a critical look at the promises of prosperity, both in the U.S. and in developing countries, made by advocates for the global expansion of these industries. She offers evidence to suggest that this process may inevitably create new and more extreme forms of poverty.

Topics: Development, Economies, Poverty, Gender, Women, Globalization, Justice, Livelihoods, Political Economies Regions: Americas, North America Countries: United States of America

Year: 2002

Gender, Development, and Globalization: Economics as If All People Mattered


Benería, Lourdes, Berik Gunselli, and Maria Floro. 2003. Gender, Development, and Globalization: Economics as If All People Mattered. New York: Routledge.

Authors: Lourdes Benería, Berik Gunselli, Maria Floro


With Cold War politics lost as the organizing principle behind international politics, development has become the most import policy goal of every international organization. There is an underside (and a human side) to development, and feminism has made inroads into the highly technical debates and frothy prophecies by examining what the future really holds for the people who will live it. This book highlights the ways in which feminist analysis has contributed to a richer understanding of international development and globalization. By combining theoretical, empirical, and political perspectives and discussing cutting-edge debates around development, globalization, economic restructuring, and feminist economics, Gender, Development and Globalization presents the ultimate primer on global feminist economics.

Topics: Development, Economies, Feminisms, Gender, Gender Analysis, Globalization, International Organizations, Political Economies

Year: 2003

The Hidden Assembly Line: Gender Dynamics of Subcontracted Work in a Global Economy


Balakrishnan, Radhika. 2002. The Hidden Assembly Line: Gender Dynamics of Subcontracted Work in a Global Economy. Boulder, Colorado: Kumarian Press.

Author: Radhika Balakrishnan


Looks at the economic trends impacting Asian women and subcontracted labor, illuminating the lives of the millions of women struggling in low-wage jobs. Presents case studies from Pakistan, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and India. Provides examples of strategic responses from NGOs, unions, and activists, The Hidden Assembly Line studies the impact of subcontracted work in different national settings, linking it to the global economy and to changes in women’s financial security and work opportunities. The contributors debate the implications for women’s empowerment and for the changing social relations of production. This book contains clear, practical information for scholars, students and researchers interested in women’s roles regarding economic development and the globalization of the world economy.

Topics: Development, Economies, Gender, Women, Gender Roles, Globalization, Livelihoods, NGOs, Political Economies, Security Regions: Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia Countries: India, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka

Year: 2002

Globalization, Economic Crisis and Africa’s Informal Economy Women Workers


Johnston-Anumonwo, Ibipo, and Donna L. Doane. 2011. “Globalization, Economic Crisis and Africa’s Informal Economy Women Workers.” Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 32 (1): 8–21.

Authors: Ibipo Johnston-Anumonwo, Donna L. Doane


The processes of globalization and debt crisis led to dramatic changes in African countries. In the context of a new economic crisis – now on a global scale – it is useful to revisit debates regarding the impact of earlier policies in response to economic crisis on the poor, with a focus on very low-income informal women workers. In this paper, we adopt a gender analysis framework to examine contending perspectives about the differential impacts of globalization, liberalization and structural adjustment programs on African women and men. We comment on two predominant schools of thought that appear to underlie and define the majority of case studies situated in African countries. While one asserts that globalization and liberalization offer entrepreneurial opportunities for women, an opposing view contends that the neoliberal political and economic reforms connected with structural adjustment policies have been devastating for poor women workers. A review of available empirical research on the responses of informal economy women workers to challenges of increased workload, reduced income and curtailed access to social services, cautions against dogmatic adherence to conceptual perspectives that either assume workers in the informal economy to be dynamic entrepreneurs when they cannot be, or condemn only contemporary policies for conditions that are the product of complex historical processes.

Keywords: informal economy, gender, globalization, structural adjustment programs, africa




Topics: Economies, Poverty, Gender, Women, Gender Analysis, Globalization, Livelihoods, Political Economies Regions: Africa

Year: 2011

From “Country Bumpkins” to “Tough Workers”: The Pursuit of Masculinity Among Male Factory Workers in China


Kim, Jaesok. 2015. "From “Country Bumpkins” to “Tough Workers”: The Pursuit of Masculinity Among Male Factory Workers in China." Anthropological Quarterly 88 (1): 133-161.

Author: Jaesok Kim


This article explores the formation of a new industrial underclass in post- Mao China, focusing on a group of young male workers' gendered interpretation of their subjection to an exploitative factory regime. I examine the experiential and performative dimensions of this subjection, which are intricately linked to China's insertion into the global capitalist economy. The transformation of China into the "world's factory" depended on the dramatic increase of foreign direct investment and the rapid expansion of labor-intensive, low-skilled factory jobs that favored the labor of rural migrant women. While the "feminization of production labor" generated some positive outcomes among the women workers, it turned a group of unskilled young male migrants into an industrial underclass. These men assumed menial jobs that drained their physical strength while offering virtually no chance of promotion or improvement in their future lives. Male workers reacted to the exploitative factory regime by engaging in binge drinking and extreme forms of anti-social behavior. This case study shows how class solidarity is sometimes deflected into the domain of gender conflict.

Keywords: labor, gender, masculinity, multinational corporation, China, garment industry, globalization

Topics: Class, Displacement & Migration, Migration, Economies, Gender, Masculinity/ies, Gender Roles, Femininity/ies, Globalization, Livelihoods, Multi-national Corporations, Political Economies Regions: Asia, East Asia Countries: China

Year: 2015


© 2019 CONSORTIUM ON GENDER, SECURITY & HUMAN RIGHTSLEGAL STATEMENT All photographs used on this site, and any materials posted on it, are the property of their respective owners, and are used by permission. Photographs: The images used on the site may not be downloaded, used, or reproduced in any way without the permission of the owner of the image. Materials: Visitors to the site are welcome to peruse the materials posted for their own research or for educational purposes. These materials, whether the property of the Consortium or of another, may only be reproduced with the permission of the owner of the material. This website contains copyrighted materials. The Consortium believes that any use of copyrighted material on this site is both permissive and in accordance with the Fair Use doctrine of 17 U.S.C. § 107. If, however, you believe that your intellectual property rights have been violated, please contact the Consortium at

Subscribe to RSS - Political Economies