Peacekeeping

Sylabus Topic

The Incorporation of Women in Peace Operations: A Regional Perspective for Latin America and the Caribbean

Citation:

Donadio, Marcela. 2008. "The Incorporation of Women in Peace Operations: A Regional Perspective for Latin America and the Caribbean." The Pearson Papers 11 (2): 42-61. 

Author: Marcela Donadio

Abstract:

The participation of Latin American and Caribbean countries in peace operations has increased by 756 percent since the year 2000. However, peace operations continue to be seen as a military matter only. In Latin America and the Caribbean the participation of women in peace operations is directly linked to their incorporation into the military forces and the police and little has been done regionally to promote a discussion on the incorporation of women into these institutions. Given this context, this article examines the challenges to and opportunities for incorporating women in peace operations in general and within Latin American and Caribbean countries more specifically. The article argues that there exists a clear disposition among actors to address the challenges and to improve practices in all areas referring to peace operations, including the participation of women. The incorporation of women not only represents a sign of openness and democratisation ofLatin American and Caribbean institutions, but also suggests a much larger change in how Latin American and Caribbean countries view and understand peace operations. The incorporation of actors other than the military, including civilians, police and women, is emerging as the cultural and political undertaking of the future.

Topics: Democracy / Democratization, Gender, Women, Gender Balance, Justice, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Militaries, Peacekeeping, Security Regions: Americas, Caribbean countries, Central America, South America

Year: 2008

From the ‘Clean Snows of Petawawa’: The Violence of Canadian Peacekeepers in Somalia

Citation:

Razack, Sherene. 2000. “From the ‘Clean Snows of Petawawa’: The Violence of Canadian Peacekeepers in Somalia.” Cultural Anthropology 15 (1): 127-63.

Author: Sherene Razack

Topics: Armed Conflict, Gender, Peacekeeping, Sexual Violence, Rape, Violence Regions: Africa, East Africa, Americas, North America Countries: Canada, Somalia

Year: 2000

Mainstreaming or Maneuvering? Gender and Peacekeeping in West Africa

Citation:

O’Neill, April, and Leora Ward. 2005. Mainstreaming or Maneuvering? Gender and Peacekeeping in West Africa. Accra, Ghana: Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre.

Authors: April O’Neill, Leora Ward

Topics: Gender, Women, Gender Mainstreaming, Peacekeeping Regions: Africa, West Africa

Year: 2005

Peacekeeping and Gendered Relations

Citation:

Higate, Paul. 2003. “Peacekeeping and Gendered Relations.” Peace and Conflict Monitor, online.

Author: Paul Higate

Abstract:

Television pictures of peacekeepers holding babies, handing out sweets to children, and disarming militia combine to portray these individuals as saviours of the war torn citizenry. Peacekeeper’s involvement in the reconstruction of schools, roads and utilities add to the sense that wealthier, more powerful countries wish to assist through their agreement to contribute peacekeeping troops, who in turn, are noted to impact positively on the society in question. However, these representations jostle with others that may evoke a qualitatively different response.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Gender, Peacekeeping, Post-Conflict Reconstruction

Year: 2003

Gender Equality and United Nations Peace Operations in Timor Leste

Citation:

Olsson, Louise. 2009. Gender Equality and United Nations Peace Operations in Timor Leste. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

Author: Louise Olsson

Topics: Armed Conflict, Gender, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, International Organizations, Peacekeeping, Post-Conflict, Post-Conflict Reconstruction Regions: Oceania Countries: Timor-Leste

Year: 2009

Do Women Matter in Peacekeeping? Women in Police, Military and Civilian Peacekeeping

Citation:

Dyan, Mazurana. 2003. "Do Women Matter in Peacekeeping? Women in Police, Military and Civilian Peacekeeping." Canadian Woman Studies 22 (2): 64.

Author: Mazurana Dyan

Topics: Combatants, Female Combatants, Gender, Women, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Militaries, Peacekeeping, Security

Year: 2003

A Few Kind Women: Gender Essentialism and Nordic Peacekeeping Operations

Citation:

Valenius, Johanna. 2007. “A Few Kind Women: Gender Essentialism and Nordic Peacekeeping Operations.” International Peacekeeping 14 (4): 510–23.

Author: Johanna Valenius

Abstract:

This article examines constructions of gender in UN documents and peace operations. The focus is on gender mainstreaming: the kinds of notion of men and women that are produced in gender mainstreaming and what kind of effect mainstreaming has. Based on an analysis of the key UN documents and the fieldwork among Finnish peacekeepers in Kosovo, the argument is that gender mainstreaming documents and practices tend to rely on essentialized notions of women as victims and inherently peaceful. The consequences of this are twofold. On the one hand the international community is not able to see local women as agents of their own future. On the other, the participation of women in peacekeeping forces is promoted on the basis of an alleged pacifying effect on their male colleagues. As a result traditional gender roles are reinforced and the variations in masculinities and femininities are ignored.

Topics: Gender, Women, Masculinity/ies, Gender Roles, Femininity/ies, Gender Mainstreaming, Gendered Discourses, International Organizations, Peacekeeping, Peace Processes Regions: Europe, Nordic states, Northern Europe Countries: Finland

Year: 2007

'Women and Peace and Security': The Politics of Implementing Gender Sensitivity Norms in Peacekeeping

Citation:

Carey, Henry F. 2001. “'Women and Peace and Security’: The Politics of Implementing Gender Sensitivity Norms in Peacekeeping.” International Peacekeeping 8 (2): 49–68.

Author: Henry F. Carey

Topics: Gender, Women, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, Peacekeeping, Political Participation, Security

Year: 2001

An Assessment of UN Efforts to Address Sexual Misconduct by Peacekeeping Personnel

Citation:

Murphy, Ray. 2006. “An Assessment of UN Efforts to Address Sexual Misconduct by Peacekeeping Personnel.” International Peacekeeping 13 (4): 531–46.

Author: Ray Murphy

Abstract:

In dealing with the sexual exploitation of women and girls by UN and other personnel operating in post-conflict situations there is a limited amount the UN can do without the cooperation of troop contributing states. Anyone employed by, or affiliated with the UN must be held accountable and, when the circumstances so warrant, prosecuted. This article is a legal analysis and discussion of these problems against the background of the report by the Secretary-General's adviser on sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeepers (the Zeid Report), and the UN investigation into allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse by MONUC personnel in the Congo.

Topics: Gender, Women, Girls, International Organizations, Peacekeeping, Post-Conflict, Sexual Violence, Sexual Exploitation and Abuse

Year: 2006

Pages

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