Peacekeeping

Sylabus Topic

Sexual Abuse and Exploitation of Women and Girls by U.N. Peacekeeping Troops

Citation:

Vojdik, Valorie K. 2007. “Sexual Abuse and Exploitation of Women and Girls by U.N. Peacekeeping Troops.” Michigan State Journal of International Law 15 (1): 157-68.

Author: Valorie K. Vojdik

Topics: Gender, Women, Girls, Peacekeeping, Sexual Violence, Sexual Exploitation and Abuse, SV against Women

Year: 2007

Outwhiting the White Guys: Men of Colour and Peacekeeping Violence

Citation:

Razack, Sherene. 2002. "Outwhiting the White Guys: Men of Colour and Peacekeeping Violence." UMKC Law Review 71: 331-54.

Author: Sherene Razack

Abstract:

What can we know about men of colour who engage in acts of violence against lower status groups? Exploring this question in the context of the violence of Canadian peacekeepers who were on peacekeeping duties in Somalia in 1993, I critique Nancy Ehrenreich’s notion of “compensatory violence,” where men of colour are thought to compensate for their diminished status as men through engaging in acts of violence against lower status groups (in Ehrenreich’s examples, principally women, but also other men of colour). I offer some thoughts on how we might consider the violence of men of colour in the peacekeeping context without excusing, pathologising, or exceptionalizing their behaviour, and importantly, without obscuring the highly racial terms of the encounter between Candian peacekeepers and the Somali population. Instead of a compensatory framework, I propose an anti-colonial one. The terms and conditions of membership in a white nation include that men of colour must forget the racial violence that is done to them, as Abouli Farmanfarmaian observes. But passing as ‘ordinary’ men requires more than an act of forgetting. I suggest that joining the nation also requires that men actively perform a hegemonic masculinity in service of nation. Compensatory theorists suggest that men of colour have the most to gain from engaging in hegemonic practices such as violence. In this article, I argue that they have as much to gain as anyone else – no more and no less – and further, their investment in such hegemonic practices can also be undermined by their own experiences of violence. 

Topics: Armed Conflict, Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Gender, Men, Masculinity/ies, International Organizations, Peacekeeping, Race, Violence Regions: Africa, East Africa, Americas, North America Countries: Canada, Somalia

Year: 2002

Mainstreaming Gender in Multidimensional Peacekeeping: A Field Perspective

Citation:

Olsson, Louise. 2000. “Mainstreaming Gender in Multidimensional Peacekeeping: A Field Perspective.” International Peacekeeping 7 (3): 1–16. doi:10.1080/13533310008413846.

Author: Louise Olsson

Abstract:

Since the Beijing Conference in 1995, mainstreaming a gender perspective in the entire work of the United Nations has been a priority. This article presents a picture of the contemporary situation concerning the mainstreaming of a gender perspective in multidimensional peacekeeping operations. The main focus concerns female participation in the field which, historically, has been very low. Research indicates that more job opportunities for women exist in operations which contain a large civilian component, but that the military and police components remain mainly male. The article also argues that human rights and humanitarian assistance are two examples of areas of multidimensional peacekeeping operations where it is vital to consider the different needs of men and women.

Topics: Gender, Women, Gender Balance, Gender Mainstreaming, Humanitarian Assistance, International Organizations, Peacekeeping, Rights, Human Rights

Year: 2000

Is Peacekeeping Care Work?: A Feminist Reflection on the Responibility to Protect

Citation:

Tronto, Joan. 2008. “Is Peacekeeping Care Work?: A Feminist Reflection on the Responibility to Protect.” In Global Feminist Ethics, edited by Rebecca Whisnant and Peggy DesAutels, 179-200. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.

Author: Joan Tronto

Topics: Feminisms, Gender, Women, Peacekeeping

Year: 2008

Reinterpreting Combat Masculinity: Dutch Peacekeeping in Bosnia and Kosovo

Citation:

Sion, Liora. 2007. “Reinterpreting Combat Masculinity: Dutch Peacekeeping in Bosnia and Kosovo.” Sociologie 3 (1): 95-111.

Author: Liora Sion

Abstract:

This article explores the construction of masculinity in two Dutch NATO peacekeeping units. By masculinity I refer to the main ideals of approved ways of being a male in a given society. These ideals are not a set of psychological traits that specific individuals may or may not possess, but rather a group of historically and culturally available, recognized and legitimate themes which are more or less identified with certain aspects of being a man in a certain society.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Combatants, Gender, Women, Men, Masculinity/ies, Gendered Power Relations, Peacekeeping Regions: Europe, Balkans, Eastern Europe, Western Europe Countries: Bosnia & Herzegovina, Netherlands

Year: 2007

The United Nations Responses To The Sexual Abuse And Exploitation Of Women And Girls By Peacekeepers During Peacekeeping Missions

Citation:

Ndulo, Muna. 2009. “The United Nations Responses To The Sexual Abuse And Exploitation Of Women And Girls By Peacekeepers During Peacekeeping Missions.” Berkeley Journal of International Law 27 (1): 127–61.

Author: Muna Ndulo

Abstract:

The article discusses the sexual exploitation and abuse of women and girls by peacekeepers during their missions and the measures taken by the United Nations (UN) to tackle such problem. The UN Security Councils adopted the Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security in 2000 which dealt with rape and other forms of sexual abuse and violence in armed conflict situations. It attributes the prevalence of sexual abuse and exploitation to vulnerability of local populations to such attacks.

Topics: Gender, Women, Girls, Peacekeeping, UN Security Council Resolutions on WPS, UNSCR 1325, Sexual Violence, SV against Women

Year: 2009

Protecting Civilians from UN Peacekeepers and Humanitarian Workers: Sexual Exploitation and Abuse

Citation:

Kent, Vanessa. 2007. “Protecting Civilians from UN Peacekeepers and Humanitarian Workers: Sexual Exploitation and Abuse.” In Unintended Consequences of Peacekeeping Operations, edited by Chiyuki Aoi, Cedric de Coning and Ramesh Thakur, 44-66. New York: United Nations University Press.

Author: Vanessa Kent

Topics: Gender, Humanitarian Assistance, International Organizations, Peacekeeping, Sexual Violence, Sexual Exploitation and Abuse

Year: 2007

Peacekeepers as Perpetrators of Abuse: Examining the UN’s Plans to Eliminate and Address Cases of Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in Peacekeeping Operations

Citation:

Kent, Vanessa. 2005. “Peacekeepers as Perpetrators of Abuse: Examining the UN’s Plans to Eliminate and Address Cases of Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in Peacekeeping Operations.” African Security Review 14 (2): 85-92.

Author: Vanessa Kent

Abstract:

Despite promulgating a comprehensive set of guidelines to deter UN personnel from committing acts of sexual misconduct, allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse have become widespread within United Nations peacekeeping missions. The policy of zero-tolerance for peacekeeper misconduct has not been matched by strong disciplinary measures, and crimes are often ignored and rarely punished: absentee fathers, rapists and murderers simply disappear back in their home countries. In countries where women and children rarely have the same economic resources, political rights and authority or control over their environment – or their bodies – they easily become prey for those in perceived positions of power and authority. By failing to hold those responsible to account, the UN may in fact be fueling even greater discrimination and violence against women and children. In order to ensure those who are mandated to protect to do not become perpetrators of abuse, the UN must take a stronger stand against those who commit acts of sexual misconduct, and must ensure that victims see that their abuser is brought to justice and that reparation is offered. A recent report submitted by the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy on Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse makes a comprehensive set of recommendations to prevent, detect, and respond to these allegations. The aim of this essay is to highlight some of the main points of the Special Envoy’s report, and to examine the practical challenges the UN and troop/police contributing countries will face when attempting to implement these recommendations.

Topics: Gender, Women, International Organizations, Peacekeeping, Sexual Violence, Sexual Exploitation and Abuse, SV against Women

Year: 2005

Unintended Consequences of Peace Operations on Timor Leste from a Gender Perspective

Citation:

Koyama, Shukuko, and Henri Myrttinen. 2007. “Unintended Consequences of Peace Operations on Timor Leste from a Gender Perspective.” In Unintended Consequences of Peacekeeping Operations, edited by Chiyuki Aoi, Cedric de Coning and Ramesh Thakur, 23-43. New York: United Nations University Press.

Authors: Shukuko Koyama, Henri Myrttinen

Topics: Gender, Women, Gender Analysis, International Organizations, Peacekeeping Regions: Oceania Countries: Timor-Leste

Year: 2007

Civilian Protection in African Peacekeeping: A Gender Perspective

Citation:

Nkechi, Onwuka Onyinye. 2007. "Civilian Protection in African Peacekeeping: A Gender Perspective." ​Conflict Trends, no. 4, 16-22. 

Author: Onwuka Onyinye Nkechi

Abstract:

This chapter presents a gender analysis of the broader issues of civilian protection in peacekeeping operations in Africa. The author examines the topic of sexual relations and abuse between those involved in peacekeeping operations and the people they are meant to be protecting. The article advocates that peacekeepers who perpetrate gender-based violence and abuse must be adequately punished. Gender training and the increased participation of women in peacekeeping operations are solutions presented as reducing such violence.

Topics: Gender, Gender-Based Violence, Peacekeeping, Sexual Violence, Sexual Exploitation and Abuse Regions: Africa

Year: 2007

Pages

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