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Femininity/ies

Gendered Practices of Counterinsurgency

Citation:

Khalili, Laleh. 2011. "Gendered Practices of Counterinsurgency." Review of International Studies 37: 1471-91.

Author: Laleh Khalili

Abstract:

Current US counterinsurgency doctrine is gendered diversely in the different geographic locations where it is formulated, put in practice, and experienced. Where Iraqi and Afghan populations are subjected to counterinsurgency and its attendant development policy, spaces are made legible in gendered ways, and people are targeted – for violence or ‘nation-building’ – on the basis of gender-categorisation. Second, this gendering takes its most incendiary form in the seam of encounter between counterinsurgent foot-soldiers and the locals, where sexuality is weaponised and gender is most starkly cross-hatched with class and race. Finally, in the Metropole, new masculinities and femininities are forged in the domain of counterinsurgency policymaking: While new soldier-scholars represent a softened masculinity, counterinsurgent women increasingly become visible in policy circles, with both using ostensibly feminist justifications for their involvement.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Class, Combatants, Development, Gender, Women, Masculinity/ies, Femininity/ies, Gender-Based Violence, Gendered Power Relations, Governance, Post-conflict Governance, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Political Participation, Race, Sexuality, Violence Regions: MENA, Americas, North America, Asia, Middle East, South Asia Countries: Afghanistan, Iraq, United States of America

Year: 2011

Mujeres No Contadas: Proceso de Desmovilización y Retorno a la Vida Civil de Mujeres Excombatientes en Colombia 1990-2003

Citation:

Londoño Fernández, Luz María and Yoana Fernanda Nieto Valdivieso. 2006. Mujeres No Contadas: Proceso de Desmovilización y Retorno a la Vida Civil de Mujeres Excombatientes en Colombia 1990-2003. Medellín: La Carreta Editores. 

Authors: Luz María Londoño Fernández, Yoana Fernanda Nieto Valdivieso

Topics: Armed Conflict, Civil Wars, Civil Society, Combatants, Female Combatants, DDR, Gender, Women, Men, Girls, Masculinity/ies, Gender Roles, Gender Analysis, Femininity/ies, Gendered Discourses, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Hierarchies, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Non-state Armed Groups, Political Participation, Violence Regions: Americas, Central America, South America Countries: Colombia

Year: 2006

Mujeres e Insurrección en Colombia: Reconfiguración de la Identidad Femenina en la Guerrilla

Citation:

Ibarra Melo, María Eugenia. 2009. “Mujeres e Insurrección en Colombia: Reconfiguración de la Identidad Femenina en la Guerrilla.” Santiago de Cali, Colombia: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana.

Author: María Eugenia Ibarra Melo

Annotation:

Contenido:

Capítulo I: Identidad de género y participación política en conflictos armados

1. El concepto de identidad

2. La guerra y la violencia desde su perspectiva de género

3. Las mujeres en el ciclo de paz y guerra: un análisis desde la perspectiva de género

4. La lucha armada como opción política

Capítulo II: La experiencia de las mujeres en las guerrillas colombianas

1. El contexto sociopolítico de la incorporación

2. La participación de las mujeres en los “proyectos revolucionarios”

3. Cuando ellas deciden la opción armada: tipología de la vinculación de mujeres a las guerrillas

Capítulo III: Las vicisitudes de la militancia femenina en la guerrilla

1. La entrada en escena de las mujeres en el movimiento insurgente

2. La exclusión de las mujeres en los niveles superiores de la estructura jerárquica

3. El proceso de identificación personal y colectiva en la guerra

4. El balance de la militancia

Topics: Armed Conflict, Civil Wars, Civil Society, Combatants, Female Combatants, Male Combatants, Gender, Women, Men, Girls, Boys, Masculinity/ies, Gender Roles, Gender Analysis, Femininity/ies, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Hierarchies, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Non-state Armed Groups, Peacebuilding, Peace Processes, Political Participation, Violence Regions: Americas, Central America, South America Countries: Colombia

Year: 2009

La Corporalidad de las Guerras: una Mirada sobre las Mujeres Combatientes desde el Cuerpo y el Lenguaje

Citation:

Londoño Fernández, Luz María. 2005. “La Corporalidad de las Guerras: una Mirada sobre las Mujeres Combatientes desde el Cuerpo y el Lenguaje.” Revista de Estudios Sociales, no. 21: 67–74.

Author: Luz María Londoño Fernández

Abstract:

SPANISH ABSTRACT:
La incursión de las mujeres en el mundo de la guerra ha sido un fenómeno poco estudiado. Su creciente vinculación como combatientes en las guerras contemporáneas, incluida la colombiana, amerita una reflexión desde la academia, encaminada a develar la compleja significación de este fenómeno. A la luz de corrientes de pensamiento contemporáneas, particularmente del feminismo de la diferencia, este artículo busca aproximarse al fenómeno, colocando en el centro del análisis el cuerpo y la palabra de las mujeres -su corporalidad-, como lugar e instrumento donde la guerra se vive, se significa y se narra, buscando abrir horizontes interpretativos que permitan recoger y traducir fielmente las voces de las mujeres combatientes, tradicionalmente invisibilizadas tanto en el drama de la guerra como en la búsqueda de la paz.
 
ENGLISH ABSTRACT: 
The incursion of women in the world of war has been a phenomena in which few research has been made. Nowadays, the growing presence of these combatants in contemporary wars, in which the Colombian war is included, claims for a academic reflection that seeks to explain the whole meaning of the phenomena. With the support of contemporary trends of thought, particularly the feminism of the difference, the present article aims for an approximation to the topic that places at the core of the analysis woman's speech and body, this as a place and tool where the war is lived, signified and narrated; thus, searching for new interpretative paths that permit recover and translate accurately the combatants' voices. Combatants that have been traditionally diminished both in the war drama and in the searching of peace. 

Keywords: gender, war, women combatants, violence, body, language, gênero, guerra, mujeres combatientes, violencia, cuerpo, lenguaje

Topics: Armed Conflict, Civil Wars, Civil Society, Combatants, Female Combatants, DDR, Gender, Women, Men, Masculinity/ies, Gender Roles, Gender Analysis, Femininity/ies, Gendered Discourses, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Non-state Armed Groups, Political Participation, Violence Regions: Americas, Central America, South America Countries: Colombia

Year: 2005

Acción Colectiva, Violencia Política y Género: el Análisis de las Organizaciones Insurgentes Político-militares en Colombia: el Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN) Actor de Referencia

Citation:

Rodríguez Pizarro, Alba Nubia. 2009. “Acción Colectiva, Violencia Política y Género: el Análisis de las Organizaciones Insurgentes Político-militares en Colombia: el Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN) Actor de Referencia.” PhD Thesis, Madrid: Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

Author: Alba Nubia Rodríguez Pizarro

Abstract:

El objetivo de este trabajo es contribuir al conocimiento de los actores del conflicto armado (organizaciones político-militares) y a la discusión sobre la confrontación armada en Colombia, a partir del análisis de la construcción social y cultural de un actor colectivo insurgente que emplea la violencia como medio de acción y que ha estado inmerso en el conflicto armado de larga duración que se vive en el país desde hace aproximadamente cinco décadas. La construcción social y cultural de los actores y sus acciones implica individuos en relación (hombres y mujeres), por tanto la perspectiva de género se convirtió en un enfoque transversal a la indagación y al análisis de los procesos que subyacen a la construcción social y cultural del actor de referencia. (E-prints Universidad Complutense de Madrid)

Topics: Armed Conflict, Civil Wars, Civil Society, Combatants, Female Combatants, Male Combatants, Displacement & Migration, Gender, Women, Men, Girls, Boys, Masculinity/ies, Gender Roles, Femininity/ies, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Hierarchies, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Non-state Armed Groups, Political Participation, Violence Regions: Americas, Central America, South America Countries: Colombia

Year: 2009

Messing with Gender in Feminist Political Ecology

Citation:

Mollett, Sharlene, and Caroline Faria. 2013. “Messing with Gender in Feminist Political Ecology.” Geoforum 45 (March): 116–25.

Authors: Sharlene Mollett , Caroline Faria

Abstract:

Feminist political ecology (fpe) is at a crossroads. Over the last 2 years, feminist political ecologists have begun to reflect on and debate the strengths of this subfield. In this article, we contribute by pointing to the limited theorization of race in this body of work. We argue that fpe must theorize a more complex and messier, notion of ‘gender’, one that accounts for race, racialization and racism more explicitly. Building on the work of feminist geography and critical race scholarship, we argue for a postcolonial intersectional analysis in fpe – putting this theory to work in an analysis of race, gender and whiteness in Honduras. With this intervention we demonstrate how theorizing race and gender as mutually constituted richly complicates our understanding of the politics of natural resource access and control in the Global South.
 

Keywords: feminist political ecology, race, whiteness, postcolonial intersectionality

Topics: Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Environment, Feminisms, Gender, Women, Masculinity/ies, Gender Roles, Femininity/ies, Gendered Power Relations, Race Regions: Americas, Central America Countries: Honduras

Year: 2013

Mining Coal and Undermining Gender: Rhythms of Work and Family in the American West

Citation:

Rolston, Jessica Smith. 2014. Mining Coal and Undermining Gender: Rhythms of Work and Family in the American West. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Author: Jessica Smith Rolston

Topics: Extractive Industries, Gender, Masculinity/ies, Gender Roles, Femininity/ies, Gendered Power Relations, Patriarchy, Gender Equality/Inequality Regions: Americas, North America Countries: United States of America

Year: 2014

Women’s Responses to State Violence in the Niger Delta

Citation:

Ekine, Sokari. 2008. “Women’s Responses to State Violence in the Niger Delta.” Feminist Africa 10: 67–83.

Author: Sokari Ekine

Abstract:

This paper will discuss the ways in which the women of the Niger Delta have responded to acts of violence by the Nigerian State and its allies, the multinational oil companies. I first briefly outline the background to the crises in the Niger Delta and then discuss the responses and resistance of the women.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Civil Wars, Civil Society, Corruption, Democracy / Democratization, Development, Economies, Economic Inequality, Poverty, Environment, Extractive Industries, Gender, Women, Femininity/ies, Gender-Based Violence, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, Governance, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Militaries, Militarism, Multi-national Corporations, Peacebuilding, Post-Conflict, Security, Human Security Regions: Africa, West Africa Countries: Nigeria

Year: 2008

Masculine Republicans and Feminine Democrats: Gender and American's Explicit and Implicit Images of the Political Party

Citation:

Winter, Nicholas J.G. 2010. “Masculine Republicans and Feminine Democrats: Gender and American’s Explicit and Implicit Images of the Political Party.” Political Behavior 32 (4): 587-618. 

Author: Nicholas J.G. Winter

Abstract:

During the past three decades Americans have come to view the parties increasingly in gendered terms of masculinity and femininity. Utilizing three decades of American National Election Studies data and the results of a cognitive reaction-time experiment, this paper demonstrates empirically that these connections between party images and gender stereotypes have been forged at the explicit level of the traits that Americans associate with each party, and also at the implicit level of unconscious cognitive connections between gender and party stereotypes. These connections between the parties and masculinity and femininity have important implications for citizens' political cognition and for the study of American political behavior

Topics: Gender, Masculinity/ies, Femininity/ies, Gendered Discourses, Gendered Power Relations, Governance, Elections, Political Participation Regions: Americas, North America Countries: United States of America

Year: 2010

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