Revisiting Gender Training - The Making and Remaking of Gender Knowledge: A Global Sourcebook


Mukhopadhyay, Maitrayee, and Franz Wong. 2007. Revisiting Gender Training - The Making and Remaking of Gender Knowledge: A Global Sourcebook (Gender, Society and Development Series). Oxford: Oxfam Publishing.

Authors: Maitrayee Mukhopadhyay, Franz Wong


Gender training proliferated in the 1990s and gained ground with the emphasis on gender mainstreaming, a strategy adopted at the 1995 Fourth World Conference of Women in Beijing. At present gender training is increasingly being questioned as a tool and as a concept to engender development due to its disappointing performance to contribute to gender equality.

Bringing together case studies and analyses of gender training from different country and regional contexts, this book revisits much of the thinking behind gender education and training. Together, the book’s authors explore the explicit and, more often, implicit assumptions in gender training about the nature of knowledge (epistemology), imparting knowledge (pedagogy) and knowing (cognition).

This book, the tenth in the Gender, Society and Development: Global Sourcebooks Series, features case studies and an extensive and up-to-date annotated bibliography of international resources, in print and online, making it a truly global sourcebook on the topic.

Topics: Development, Education, Gender, Gender Mainstreaming, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality

Year: 2007

Perspective of Gender Mainstreaming Development with in the Interim Period in Sudan


Abdel-Magied, Ahmed, and Adam Gehan. 2006. “Perspective of Gender Mainstreaming Development with in the Interim Period in Sudan.” Ahfad Journal 23 (1): 82.

Authors: Ahmed Abdel-Magied, Adam Gehan

Topics: Development, Gender, Gender Mainstreaming, Gendered Power Relations, NGOs Regions: Africa, East Africa Countries: Sudan

Year: 2006

The Future of Gender and Development after 9/11: Insights from Postcolonial Feminism and Transnationalism


Marchand, Marianne H. 2009. “The Future of Gender and Development after 9/11: Insights from Postcolonial Feminism and Transnationalism.” Third World Quarterly 30 (5): 921-35.

Author: Marianne H. Marchand


The area of gender and development has been a site of critical contributions to the field of development studies and has been characterised as bridging practice, policy and theory. Since the policy of gender mainstreaming has been accepted, however, much of the originality and issues raise by the gender and development field have been marginalised and excluded from the development (policy) agenda. Some even argue that gender has been written out of the post- 9/11 development agenda thanks to the new global security regime. This article goes beyond these debates and suggests new ways of thinking about gender and development. Instead of arguing that it is 'dead', I argue that it is the site of innovative and critical thinking about development issues in a transformed and globalised world. The starting point for my argument is the insights provided by postcolonial feminism and transnationalism. While the former has contributed to feminist theorising through such concepts as representation, 'othering' and the silencing of Third World women's voices, the latter helps us understand new global realities resulting from migrations and the creation of transnational communities.

Topics: Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Development, Feminisms, Gender, Women, Gender Mainstreaming

Year: 2009

Psychosocial Interventions and Post-War Reconstruction in Angola: Interweaving Western and Traditional Approaches


Wessells, Michael, and Carlinda Monteiro. 2001. “Psychosocial Interventions and Post-War Reconstruction in Angola: Interweaving Western and Traditional Approaches.” In Peace, Conflict, and Violence: Peace Psychology for the 21st Century, edited by D. Christie, R. V. Wagner, and D. Winter, 262–75. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Authors: Michael Wessells, Carlinda Monteiro

Topics: Development, Health, Mental Health, Trauma, Humanitarian Assistance, Context-Appropriate Response to Trauma, Peacebuilding, Post-Conflict, Post-Conflict Reconstruction Regions: Africa, Southern Africa Countries: Angola

Year: 2001

Psychosocial Assistance for Youth: Toward Reconstruction for Peace in Angola


Wessells, Michael, and Carlinda Monteiro. 2006. “Psychosocial Assistance for Youth: Toward Reconstruction for Peace in Angola.” Journal of Social Issues 62 (1): 121–39.

Authors: Michael Wessells, Carlinda Monteiro


Following decades of war, Angolan youth are at risk of continuing cycles of violence and need support in developing positive behaviors and social roles. Accordingly, a community-based program, conducted in Angola 1998–2001, taught youth life skills, provided peer support and peace education, educated adults about youth, and engaged youth as workers on community development projects. The main results included increased adult awareness of the situation and needs of youth, improved youth-adult relations, reduced perceptions of youth as troublemakers, reduced fighting between youth, increased community planning, and increased perceptions that youth make a positive contribution to the community. The results suggest that a dual focus on youth and community development contributes to peacebuilding and the disruption of cycles of violence.

Topics: Age, Youth, Development, Education, Gender, Girls, Boys, Post-Conflict, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Peacebuilding Regions: Africa, Southern Africa Countries: Angola

Year: 2006

Creating Citizens Who Demand Just Governance: Gender and Development in the Twenty-first Century


Mukhopadhyay, Maitrayee. 2003. “Creating Citizens Who Demand Just Governance: Gender and Development in the Twenty-first Century.” Gender & Development 11 (3): 45-56.

Author: Maitrayee Mukhopadhyay


The issue of good governance assumed enormous significance in debates on global development in the 1990s. By and large, this translated into policies aimed at building accountability of public administration institutions to the broad 'public', but omitted to consider two key issues: first, the 'public' consists of women and men, who have gender-differentiated needs and interests; second, civil-society institutions have a role to play in creating the demand for democratic, accountable, and just governance. To address these omissions, and to reinforce the importance of bringing a gender perspective to global debates and approaches to international development, KIT Gender, at the Royal Tropical Institute in Amsterdam, initiated a three-year programme in 1999. It is entitled 'Gender, Citizenship, and Governance'. This article discusses the programme and its relevance to international development, and provides three case studies from the programme; from India, Bangladesh, and South Africa.

Topics: Citizenship, Civil Society, Development, Gender, Women, Governance Regions: Africa, Southern Africa, Asia, South Asia Countries: Bangladesh, India, South Africa

Year: 2003

The Emerging Global Gender Equality Regime from Neoliberal and Constructivist Perspectives in International Relations


Kardam, Nüket. 2004. “The Emerging Global Gender Equality Regime from Neoliberal and Constructivist Perspectives in International Relations.” International Feminist Journal of Politics 6 (1): 85-109.

Author: Nüket Kardam


A global gender equality regime has emerged, identifiable by its norms, principles, legal instruments and compliance mechanisms, I suggest that neoliberal theories of international regimes provide insights into the identification of this regime and the conditions for its emergence. They acknowledge the role of transnational networks, international institutions and epistemic communities of experts in shaping state choices. Global women's networks, together with multilateral and bilateral development organizations, have been instrumental in shaping these global norms on gender equality by engaging in a learning process — framing issues, influencing negotiations by the information they provide and monitoring progress. But the neoliberal theories tell us nothing about the norms themselves, their contestation in different contexts and the structures that support them and give them meaning. A second theoretical framework in international relations, constructivism, opens the way to a crucial appreciation of gender as an analytical category, demonstrating how gender norms and identities are constructed, contested and reconstructed in historical, and sociopolitical contexts. It thus potentially allows us to examine how a 'gender equality regime', as defined by its principles, norms and decision-making mechanisms, needs to be further deconstructed and analyzed to reveal how global norms get interpreted, reinterpreted, filled in and contested on a continuing basis, within different and sometimes competing institutions. Otherwise, such norms are bound to remain superficial and may obfuscate rather than clarify.

Keywords: global gender equality regime, global women's networks, gender equality norms, constructivism and gender, neoliberal approach in international relations and gender

Topics: Development, Gender, Women, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, International Organizations

Year: 2004

Sustainable Peace - Building in the South - Experiences from Latin America


Pearce, Jenny. 1997. “Sustainable Peace-Building in the South: Experiences from Latin America.” Development in Practice 7 (4): 438–55.

Author: Jenny Pearce


While some recent internal conflicts have attracted international attention, other long-term conflicts with high accumulative death tolls have been relatively ignored. A decontextualised and partial view of conflict and violence is further encouraged by the separation between the emergency and development sections in many Northern aid agencies. Drawing on detailed case-studies of post- conflict experience in El Salvador, Peru, and Nicaragua, the author argues that conflict analysis, emergency intervention,and peace-building must be rooted within specific socio-historical contexts. The article ends with a critical reflection on the extent to which local-level capacities have in fact been able to influence the post-war situation and prospects for long-term and sustainable peace-building in these three countries.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Development, Humanitarian Assistance, Peacebuilding, Post-Conflict, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Violence Regions: Americas, Central America, South America Countries: El Salvador, Nicaragua, Peru

Year: 1997

Empowerment and the Law: Strategies of Third World Women


Schuler, Margaret. 1986. Empowerment and the Law: Strategies of Third World Women. Washington, DC: OEF International.

Author: Margaret Schuler


This book describes how women worldwide are learning how to enforce the law or to challenge it in areas such as the state, law and development; custom, religion, ethnicity and law; and violence and exploitation. (WorldCat)

Topics: Development, Ethnicity, Gender, Women, Justice, Religion, Violence

Year: 1986

Caution Nation-builders: Gender Assumptions Ahead


Benard, Cheryl. 2008. “Caution Nation-builders: Gender Assumptions Ahead.” The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs 32 (1): 25-37.

Author: Cheryl Benard


The article presents a series of recommendations based on a case study of post-Taliban Afghanistan in order to examine the issue of gender as it relates to post-conflict stabilization and nation-building. The recommendations include: taking the concept of human security seriously; increasing access to nontraditional roles while also strengthening women's capacity to earn a livelihood through the monetization of traditional activities; building reliance on civil society; and improving data collection and assessment strategies for measuring women's baseline situation and for gauging the effectiveness of programs in post-conflict interventions. (ResearchGate)

Topics: Development, Gender, Women, Livelihoods, Post-Conflict, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, Security, Human Security Regions: Asia, South Asia Countries: Afghanistan

Year: 2008


© 2023 CONSORTIUM ON GENDER, SECURITY & HUMAN RIGHTSLEGAL STATEMENT All photographs used on this site, and any materials posted on it, are the property of their respective owners, and are used by permission. Photographs: The images used on the site may not be downloaded, used, or reproduced in any way without the permission of the owner of the image. Materials: Visitors to the site are welcome to peruse the materials posted for their own research or for educational purposes. These materials, whether the property of the Consortium or of another, may only be reproduced with the permission of the owner of the material. This website contains copyrighted materials. The Consortium believes that any use of copyrighted material on this site is both permissive and in accordance with the Fair Use doctrine of 17 U.S.C. § 107. If, however, you believe that your intellectual property rights have been violated, please contact the Consortium at

Subscribe to RSS - Development