Development in Conflict: The Gender Dimension


El-Bushra, Judy, and Eugenia Piza-Lopez. 1993. Development in Conflict: The Gender Dimension. Oxford, UK: Oxfam.

Authors: Eugenia Piza-Lopez, Judy El-Bushra

Topics: Armed Conflict, Development, Gender

Year: 1993

Fostering Women’s Participation in Development through Non-Governmental Efforts in Cameroon


Fonjong, Lotsmart. 2001. “Fostering Women’s Participation in Development through Non-Governmental Efforts in Cameroon.” The Geographical Journal 167 (3): 223–34. doi:10.1111/1475-4959.00020.

Author: Lotsmart Fonjong


Women constitute 52 per cent of the population of Cameroon and play a very crucial role in the development of society at all levels. Unfortunately, they function from a subordinate position inherent in both traditional and state institutions. Women’s empowerment is currently an issue of national concern and both state and international efforts at mainstreaming women in development have so far produced mixed results. The ‘grassroots’ approach of NGOs has been effective in reaching women at all levels. Activities of NGOs have had far reaching but mixed effects in meeting both practical and strategic gender needs. This paper examines case studies of NGOs and women’s empowerment in Cameroon, and highlights their successes, with regard to improved access and welfare and their limitations, with regard to conscientisation, participation and control.

Keywords: Cameroon, NGOs, women's empowerment, participation development

Topics: Development, Gender, Women, Gender Mainstreaming, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, NGOs, Political Participation, Rights, Women's Rights Regions: Africa, Central Africa Countries: Cameroon

Year: 2001

Doing Good? The Politics and Antipolitics of NGO Practices


Fisher, William F. 1997. “Doing Good? The Politics and Antipolitics of NGO Practices.” Annual Review of Anthropology 26: 439–64.

Author: William F. Fisher


This review surveys current literature concerned with the growing numbers, changing functions, and intensifying networks of nongovernmental organizations which have had significant impacts upon globalization, international and national politics, and local lives. Studies of these changes illuminate understandings of translocal flows of ideas, knowledge, funding, and people; shed light on changing relationships among citizenry, associations, and the state; and encourage a reconsideration of connections between the personal and the political. Attention is given to the political implications of discourses about NGOs, the complex micropolitics of these associations, and the importance of situating them as evolving processes within complexes of competing and overlapping practices and discourses.

Keywords: civil society, collective action, development, nongovernmental organizations, globalization

Topics: Civil Society, Development, Gender, Women, NGOs, Political Participation

Year: 1997

The Elusive Role of Women in Early Warning and Conflict Prevention


Hill, Felicity. 2003. “The Elusive Role of Women in Early Warning and Conflict Prevention.” Conflict Trends 3: 11-17.

Author: Felicity Hill


This article examines developments as they relate to the role of women in preventing conflict. The paper focuses particularly on the need for enhanced information about the impact of conflict on women and women’s role in peace-building, as well as mainstreaming gender into the early warning indicators used to predict and prevent conflict.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Development, Gender, Women, Gender Mainstreaming, Peacebuilding

Year: 2003

Early Warning and Conflict Prevention: Minerva's Wisdom


Ruddy, Doom, and Koen Vlassenroot. 1997. “Early warning and Conflict Prevention: Minerva's Wisdom.”Journal of Humanitarian Assistance, online

Authors: Doom Ruddy, Koen Vlassenroot

Topics: Armed Conflict, Development, Gender, Women

Year: 1997

The Idea and Practice of Conflict Prevention


Ackermann, Alice. 2003. “The Idea and Practice of Conflict Prevention.” Journal of Peace Research 40 (3): 339-47.

Author: Alice Ackermann


Interest in conflict prevention blossomed throughout the 1990s, and so did the literature on the subject. Moreover, conflict prevention is rapidly becoming a prominent focus of the new global security and global governance agenda with advocacy of preventive policies by international and regional organizations and nongovernmental actors, and the implementation of conflict prevention within many long-term development and post-conflict assistance programs. Nevertheless, the question of how to move from the rhetoric of conflict prevention to one of institutionalized practice still remains the major concern. Following an overview of conflict prevention in historical and contemporary perspective, this article surveys some of the major themes currently found in the literature on conflict prevention. While there are still skeptical views on the viability, legality, and effectiveness of conflict prevention, some significant strides have already been taken in the direction of creating a new normative international climate that permits increasingly the implementation of preventive action.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Development, Gender, Governance, International Organizations, Peace Processes, Post-Conflict, Security

Year: 2003

From Feminising to Engendering Development


McIlwaine, Cathy, and Kavita Datta. 2003. “From Feminising to Engendering Development.” Gender, Place and Culture 10 (4): 369-82.

Authors: Cathy McIlwaine, Kavita Datta


Feminists have been crucial in challenging the gender-blindness of development discourse & practice. In the process, they have shaped the move from the feminization to the engendering of development over the last three decades. This article explores this broad shift, focusing on the recent transformations within gender & development discourse & feminist approaches to development relating to diversity & representation, human rights, & the incorporation of men & masculinities within the development agenda, all set within the context of a globalizing era. It highlights how women from the South have been critical in reshaping contemporary feminisms to celebrate difference & plurality & challenge Western hegemony. At the same time, feminists have also emphasized the commonalities among women in the name of addressing gender inequalities, evidenced in a recent upsurge in forging transnational alliances facilitated by the contradictory processes of globalization.

Topics: Development, Feminisms, Gender, Women, Men, Masculinity/ies, Femininity/ies, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, Rights, Human Rights

Year: 2003

Gender and Energy: South-North Perspectives


Clancy, J. S. 2001. “Gender and Energy: South-North Perspectives.” Paper presented at the International Solar Energy Society World Solar Congress, Adelaide, November 25-30.

Author: J. S. Clancy


In this presentation, I would like to explore some of the current thinking on development, what the implications are for the energy sector, and then to examin the gender implications of the energy-poverty nexus. Following on from this, I would like to look at the role Renewable Energy Technologies (RETs) have to play in this arena. I also intend to make a few remarks on gender and energy issues in the North, before concluding with suggestions on how to move forward.

Topics: Development, Economies, Environment, Gender

Year: 2001

International Law: Modern Feminist Approaches


Buss, Doris, and Ambreena Manji. 2005. International Law: Modern Feminist Approaches. Oxford: Hart Publishing.

Authors: Doris Buss, Ambreena Manji


Over the last 10 years, feminist scholars and activists have turned their attention to international law with apparently dramatic results. The impact of feminist engagement is felt in diverse areas from human rights to environmental law. But what do these successes signal for the future? How open is international law to feminist enquiry? What does it mean to do feminist theory in international law? What lessons have we learned from engaging with international law, and what directions do we still need to explore? This book brings together feminist scholars from Australia, Canada, Sweden, Serbia and Montenegro, the United States and United Kingdom. Drawing on diverse theoretical approaches, the chapters explore the directions and tensions in feminist engagement with various areas of international law from human rights, trade and development, and gender mainstreaming, to humanitarian intervention, and environmental and humanitarian law. (Amazon)


Table of Contents:

1. Introduction
Doris Buss and Ambreena Manji

2. Feminist Approaches to International Law: Reflections From Another Century
Christine Chinkin, Shelley Wright and Hilary Charlesworth

3. International Human Rights and Feminisms: When Discourses Keep Meeting
Karen Engle

4. Feminism Here and Feminism There: Law, Theory and Choice
Thérèse Murphy

5. Austerlitz and International Law: A Feminist Reading at the Boundaries
Doris Buss

6. Disconcerting 'Masculinities': Reinventing the Gendered Subject(s) of International Human Rights Law
Dianne Otto

7. The 'Unforgiven' Sources of International Law: Nation-Building, Violence and Gender in the West(ern)
Ruth Buchanan and Rebecca Johnson

8. 'The Beautyful Ones' of Law and Development
Ambreena Manji

9. Feminist Perspectives on International Economic Law
Fiona Beveridge

10. Transcending the Conquest of Nature and Women: A Feminist Perspective on International Environmental Law
Annie Rochette

11. The United Nations and Gender Mainstreaming: Limits and Possibilities
Sari Kouvo

12. Women's Rights and the Organization of African Unity and African Union: The Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa
Rachel Murray

13. Sexual Violence, International Law and Restorative Justice
Vesna Nikolic-Ristanovic


Reviews of International Law: Modern Feminist Approaches:

By Nicole LaViolette:

Topics: Development, Environment, Feminisms, Gender, Masculinity/ies, Gender Mainstreaming, Humanitarian Assistance, International Law, International Human Rights, International Humanitarian Law (IHL), Rights, Human Rights, Women's Rights

Year: 2005

Gender Conflict and Development Volume II: Case Studies: Cambodia; Rwanda; Kosovo; Algeria; Somalia; Guatemala and Eritrea


Byrne, Bridget, Rachel Marcus, and Tanya Powers-Stevens. 1995. Gender, Conflict and Development Volume II: Case Studies: Cambodia; Rwanda; Kosovo; Algeria; Somalia; Guatemala and Eritrea. 35. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies.

Authors: Bridget Byrne, Rachel Marcus, Tanya Powers-Stevens

Topics: Armed Conflict, Development, Gender Regions: Africa, MENA, Central Africa, East Africa, North Africa, Americas, Central America, Asia, Southeast Asia, Europe, Balkans, Eastern Europe Countries: Algeria, Cambodia, Eritrea, Guatemala, Kosovo, Rwanda, Somalia

Year: 1995


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