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Naga Women Making a Difference: Peace Building in Northeastern India


Manchanda, Rita. 2005. “Naga Women Making a Difference: Peace Building in Northeastern India.” Institute for Inclusive Security


Author: Rita Manchanda

Keywords: conflict prevention, negotiation, mediation

Topics: Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Conflict Prevention, Gender, Governance, Post-conflict Governance, Nonviolence, Peacebuilding, Peacekeeping, Peace Processes, Post-Conflict, Violence Regions: Asia, South Asia

Year: 2005

The Scandal of the State: Women, Law, Citizenship in Postcolonial India


Sunder Rajan, Rajeswari. 2003. The Scandal of the State: Women, Law, Citizenship in Postcolonial India. Durham: Duke University Press.

Author: Rajeswari Sunder Rajan



"The Scandal of the State is a revealing study of the relationship between the postcolonial, democratic Indian nation-state and Indian women’s actual needs and lives. Well-known for her work combining feminist theory and postcolonial studies, Rajeswari Sunder Rajan shows how the state is central to understanding women’s identities and how, reciprocally, women and “women’s issues” affect the state’s role and function. She argues that in India law and citizenship define for women not only the scope of political rights but also cultural identity and everyday life. Sunder Rajan delineates the postcolonial state in implicit contrast with the “enlightened,” postfeminist neoliberal state in the West. Her analysis wrestles with complex social realities, taking into account the influence of age, ethnicity, religion, and class on individual and group identities as well as the shifting, heterogeneous nature of the state itself."


“The Scandal of the State develops through a series of compelling case studies, each of which centers around an incident exposing the contradictory position of the Indian state vis-à-vis its female citizens and, ultimately, the inadequacy of its commitment to women’s rights. Sunder Rajan focuses on the custody battle over a Muslim child bride, the compulsory sterilization of mentally retarded women in state institutional care, female infanticide in Tamilnadu, prostitution as labor rather than crime, and the surrender of the female outlaw Phoolan Devi. She also looks at the ways the Uniform Civil Code presented many women with a stark choice between allegiance to their religion and community or the secular assertion of individual rights. Rich with theoretical acumen and activist passion, The Scandal of the State is a powerful critique of the mutual dependence of women and the state on one another in the specific context of a postcolonial modernity.” (Duke University Press)


Perception, treatment, abuse, and exploitation of women are all described as effects of corruption.

Table of Contents:
Preface ix


Acknowledgments xiii


1. Introduction: Women, Citizenship, Law, and the Indian State 1


I. Women in Custody


2. The Ameena “Case”: The Female Citizen and Subject 41


3. Beyond the Hysterectomies Scandal: Women, the Institution, Family, and State 72


II. Women in Law 


4. The Prostitution Question(s): Female Agency, Sexuality, and Work 117


5. Women Between Community and State: Some Implications of the Uniform Civil Code Debates 147


III. Killing Women 


6. Children of the State?: Unwanted Girls in Rural Tamilnadu 177


7. Outlaw Woman: The Politics of Phoolan Devi’s Surrender, 1983 212


Notes 237


References 279


Index 301

Topics: Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Corruption, Gender, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, Religion, Rights, Women's Rights Regions: Asia, South Asia Countries: India

Year: 2003

Comfort Women During WWII: Are U.S. Courts a Final Resort for Justice?


Park, Byoungwook. 2002. “Comfort Women During WWII: Are U.S. Courts a Final Resort for Justice?” American University International Law Review 17 (2).

Author: Byoungwook Park

Topics: Armed Conflict, Civil Wars, Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Democracy / Democratization, Gender, Women, International Organizations, Peacekeeping Regions: Africa Countries: Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Uganda

Year: 2002

Reconsidering Women and Gender in Mining


Mercier, Laurie, and Jaclyn Gier. 2007. “Reconsidering Women and Gender in Mining.” History Compass 5 (3): 995–1001. doi:10.1111/j.1478-0542.2007.00398.x.

Authors: Laurie Mercier, Jaclyn Gier


This article examines the neglected role of women in mining, long believed to be the most ‘masculine’ of industries. The authors probe how the gendered nature of mining work evolved over time and in different parts of the world. Since the nineteenth century, colonialism, capitalism and cultural traditions have shaped gender roles for women and men in the world's mining communities. The article examines how even as men and women joined in militant protests against capital and the state, they struggled over appropriate roles in work, family and community.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Economies, Extractive Industries, Feminisms, Gender, Gender Roles, Livelihoods

Year: 2007

Issues of Tension: Aboriginal Women and Western Feminism


Houle, Leta. 2011. "Issues of Tension: Aboriginal Women and Western Feminism." Religious Studies and Theology 30 (2): 209-33.

Author: Leta Houle


Western feminism has been used by Aboriginal and Métis women to assert their gender rights within Aboriginal cultures. However, issues of what exactly Aboriginal women's issues are, and who gets to discuss them is under contention. Defining Western feminism and Aboriginal women's exclusion from it, is followed by a discussion on how Aboriginal and Métis women are using Western feminism within various Aboriginal Algonquian cultures to assert their rights and this is building tension between Aboriginal women with a Western feminist view, and traditional Aboriginal women. The focus is largely drawn from my experience in Cree culture, with the broader issue of feminism discussed within the context of Native cultures.

Keywords: western feminism, aboriginal feminism, aboriginal cultural identity, Indian Act - legislation

Topics: Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Feminisms, Gender, Women, Girls, Rights, Indigenous Rights, Women's Rights Regions: Americas, North America Countries: Canada

Year: 2011

Messing with Gender in Feminist Political Ecology


Mollett, Sharlene, and Caroline Faria. 2013. “Messing with Gender in Feminist Political Ecology.” Geoforum 45 (March): 116–25.

Authors: Sharlene Mollett , Caroline Faria


Feminist political ecology (fpe) is at a crossroads. Over the last 2 years, feminist political ecologists have begun to reflect on and debate the strengths of this subfield. In this article, we contribute by pointing to the limited theorization of race in this body of work. We argue that fpe must theorize a more complex and messier, notion of ‘gender’, one that accounts for race, racialization and racism more explicitly. Building on the work of feminist geography and critical race scholarship, we argue for a postcolonial intersectional analysis in fpe – putting this theory to work in an analysis of race, gender and whiteness in Honduras. With this intervention we demonstrate how theorizing race and gender as mutually constituted richly complicates our understanding of the politics of natural resource access and control in the Global South.

Keywords: feminist political ecology, race, whiteness, postcolonial intersectionality

Topics: Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Environment, Feminisms, Gender, Women, Masculinity/ies, Gender Roles, Femininity/ies, Gendered Power Relations, Race Regions: Americas, Central America Countries: Honduras

Year: 2013

Earth Matters: Indigenous Peoples, the Extractive Industries and Corporate Social Responsibility


O’Faircheallaigh, Ciaran, and Saleem Ali. 2008. Earth Matters: Indigenous Peoples, the Extractive Industries and Corporate Social Responsibility. Sheffield, South Yorkshire, GBR: Greenleaf Publishing.

Authors: Saleem Ali , Ciaran O’Faircheallaigh

Topics: Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Development, Economies, Environment, Extractive Industries, Gender, Women, Land grabbing, Multi-national Corporations, Rights, Indigenous Rights, Land Rights

Year: 2008

The Fight for Control of African Women’s Mobility in Colonial Zimbabwe, 1900-1939


Barnes, Teresa A. 1992. “The Fight for Control of African Women’s Mobility in Colonial Zimbabwe, 1900-1939.” Signs 17 (3): 586–608.

Author: Teresa Barnes

Topics: Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Gender, Women Regions: Africa, Southern Africa Countries: Zimbabwe

Year: 1992

'We Do It So That We Will Be Men': Masculinity Politics in Colonial Namibia, 1915-1949


McCullers, Molly. 2011. “’We Do It So That We Will Be Men’: Masculinity Politics in Colonial Namibia, 1915-1949.” Journal of African History 52 (1): 43-62. 

Author: Molly McCullers


This article examines struggles for masculinity among Herero elders, South African colonial administrators, and the Otruppa, a Herero youth society that appropriated a German military aesthetic, in Namibia between 1915 and 1949. As previous scholars have argued, masculinities are mutually constituted through competitions for authority, though dominance is rarely achieved. Such contestations were integral to processes of Herero societal reconstruction following German rule and during South African colonial state formation, beginning in 1915. Different generational experiences of colonial violence and the destruction of the material resources that undergirded elders' authority led to conflicts between elders and youths over how to define Herero masculinity and negotiate authority in a rapidly changing colonial milieu.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Gender, Boys, Masculinity/ies, Gendered Power Relations, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Militarism, Violence Regions: Africa, Southern Africa Countries: Namibia

Year: 2011

Philippine Commonwealth and Cult of Masculinity


McCoy, Alfred W. 2000. “Philippine Commonweath and Cult of Masculinity.” Philippine Studies 48 (3): 315-46. 

Author: Alfred McCoy

Topics: Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Gender, Men, Masculinity/ies, Gendered Power Relations Regions: Asia, Southeast Asia Countries: Philippines

Year: 2000


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