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South Asia


"A story of missing people, boys and men who were picked up by security forces and then simply disappeared. The location is Kashmir. Sandwiched between India and Pakistan, Kashmir is a battleground for both. Since the men are missing, not declared dead their wives are not widows but 'half widows'.

Women on the Frontline: A Narrow Escape

"In this film we document how difficult it is for Nepal to staunch the flow of young women being trafficked each year across an open 2,400 km long border with India… and meet some of the women on the front line who are trying to put a stop to the trade. We follow 24-year-old Sushma as she sets out to find the man who lured her to a brothel in Kolkata."

Testing the Effectiveness of International Norms: UN Humanitarian Assistance and Sexual Apartheid in Afghanistan


Verdirame, Guglielmo. 2001. "Testing the Effectiveness of International Norms: UN Humanitarian Assistance and Sexual Apartheid in Afghanistan." Human Rights Quarterly 23 (3): 733-68. 

Author: Guglielmo Verdirame

Topics: Governance, Humanitarian Assistance, International Organizations, Sexual Violence Regions: Asia, South Asia Countries: Afghanistan

Year: 2001

Two Steps Back: Relearning the Humanitarian-Military Lessons Learned in Afghanistan and Iraq


James, Eric. 2003. “Two Steps Back: Relearning the Humanitarian-Military Lessons Learned in Afghanistan and Iraq.” The Journal of Humanitarian Assistance, online.

Author: Eric James


This paper sets out to address two questions: What are the previous broad lessons learned in the interactions between the military and humanitarian actors?  And, how were these lessons ‘relearned’ during the recent operations in Afghanistan and Iraq?  This paper does not contribute to theory nor delve deeply into the contentious debate over appropriateness of so-called humanitarian intervention or military humanitarianism.  Rather, this paper makes attempts to add to the discourse that has emerged between humanitarians, the military, and scholars.  The first part of this paper presents background of the recent military and humanitarian operations in Afghanistan and Iraq.  Given the efforts made to improve civil-military relations during the past decade, the contention is made that this relationship has take ‘two steps back’ because of growing discord between the military and humanitarians, continuing lack of security, and frustration over the lack of progress in what are thought to be “lessons learned.”  Second, five lessons learned in the relationship between the military and humanitarians is presented with a discussion of how each has been were ignored or relearned in Afghanistan and Iraq.  Third, based on experience in Afghanistan and Iraq, at least two emergent issues or ‘lessons’ are discussed.   Finally, the conclusion suggests further steps in improving the way the military and humanitarians interact and presents several questions worth further inquiry.

Keywords: civil-military relations, humanitarian

Topics: Humanitarian Assistance, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Security Regions: MENA, Asia, Middle East, South Asia Countries: Afghanistan, Iraq

Year: 2003

Women, War, and Peace in South Asia: Beyond Victimhood to Agency


Manchanda, Rita. 2001. Women, War, and Peace in South Asia: Beyond Victimhood to Agency. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

Author: Rita Manchanda


In the meta-narrative of histories, the dominant motif of women in violent conflict is the Grieving Mother. Structured around six narratives of women negotiating violent politics in their everyday lives, this book shifts the focus away from the victimhood discourse and explores women's agency for both peace and conflict. (WorldCat)

Topics: Armed Conflict, Gender, Women Regions: Asia, South Asia

Year: 2001

Afghan Women Speak: Enhancing Security and Human Rights in Afghanistan


Cortright, David, Sarah S. Persinger. 2010. Afghan Women Speak: Enhancing Security and Human Rights in Afghanistan. Notre Dame, IN: Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies.

Authors: David Cortright, Sarah S. Persinger

Topics: Gender, Women, Rights, Human Rights, Security Regions: Asia, South Asia Countries: Afghanistan

Year: 2010

From Where We Stand: War, Women's Activism and Feminist Analysis


Cockburn, Cynthia. 2007. From Where We Stand: War, Women's Activism and Feminist Analysis. New York: Zed Books.

Author: Cynthia Cockburn


The product of 80,000 miles of travel by the author over a two-year period, this original study examines women's activism against wars as far apart as Sierra Leone, Colombia and India. It shows women on different sides of conflicts in the former Yugoslavia and Israel refusing enmity and co-operating for peace. It describes international networks of women opposing US and Western European militarism and the so-called 'war on terror'. Women are often motivated by adverse experiences in male-led anti-war movements, preferring to choose different methods of protest and remain in control of their own actions. But like the mainstream movements, women's groups differ - some are pacifist while others put justice before non-violence; some condemn nationalism as a cause of war while others see it as a legitimate source of identity. The very existence of feminist antimilitarism proposes a radical shift in our understanding of war, linking the violence of patriarchal power to that of class oppression and ethnic 'othering'.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Civil Society, Class, Ethnicity, Feminisms, Gender, Women, Gender Analysis, Gendered Power Relations, Patriarchy, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Militarism, Nonviolence, Peacebuilding, Political Participation, Race, Terrorism, Violence Regions: Africa, West Africa, Americas, North America, South America, Asia, South Asia, Europe, Western Europe Countries: Colombia, India, Sierra Leone, United States of America

Year: 2007


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