Work-Family Conflicts of Women in the Air Force: Their Influence on Mental Health and Functioning


Vinokur, Amiram D., Penny F. Pierce, Catherine L. Buck. 1999. "Work-Family Conflicts of Women in the Air Force: Their Influence on Mental Health and Functioning." Journal of Organizational Behavior 20 (6): 865-78.

Authors: Amiram D. Vinokur, Penny F. Pierce, Catherine L. Buck


This paper examined the effects of work and family stressors and conflicts on Air Force women's mental health and functioning. We analyzed data from a 1993 survey of representative stratified samples of 525 Air Force women from the active duty reserve and guard forces. The analyses of the data are guided by the comprehensive model of work-family conflict that has been tested by Frone, Russell, and Cooper (1992) using a large representative community sample. Structural equation modeling analyses provided support for the work-family conflict model. The analyses also provided support for an extension of the model, which included the separate effects of marital and parental roles on mental health. The extended model demonstrated that job and parental stresses had direct effects on work-family conflicts and that job and marital distress and family-work conflict had an independent adverse effect on mental health. Whereas job and parental involvement had a beneficial effect on distress, they had an adverse effect on work-family conflicts.

Topics: Combatants, Female Combatants, Gender, Women, Health, Mental Health, Military Forces & Armed Groups Regions: Americas, North America Countries: United States of America

Year: 1999

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