Women in Natural Disasters: A Case Study from Southern Coastal Region of Bangladesh

Citation:

Alam, Khurshed, and Md. Habibur Rahman. 2014. “Women in Natural Disasters: A Case Study from Southern Coastal Region of Bangladesh.” International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 8 (1): 68–82.

Authors: Khurshed Alam, Md. Habibur Rahman

Abstract:

Natural disasters are frequent phenomena in the coastal regions of Bangladesh, causing significant damage to the coastal community and environment. The present study was conducted in southern coastal region of Bangladesh with the aim to explore women's preparedness, risk and loss, cultural and conditional behaviour, adaptability and recovery capacity from the natural disasters. During disaster a kind of functional disorder gets created where women had to face challenges different from men. Women have to face loss of livelihood opportunities, deprivation from relief materials, sexual harassment and enjoy little scope of participation in any response or management activities. Likewise, they also suffer from inverse care law after disaster. Contrary to that, disaster also creates a condition to accrue diverse positive and constructive impacts including women's transformative role which often do not get reported. Disaster leads the planners to follow not merely the compensatory principle but also restoration and augmentation principles which give more benefits to the low income group of the coast. Nevertheless, in the coast the higher is the loss of property, the lower is the tendency among the dwellers to invest which has a long-lasting effect on capital formation and social development.

Keywords: disaster warning, environmental hazard, disaster preparedness, disaster gain, coping strategy, recovery capacity

Topics: Environment, Environmental Disasters, Gender, Women, Humanitarian Assistance, Livelihoods, Political Participation Regions: Asia, South Asia Countries: Bangladesh

Year: 2014

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