Women in Mining : A Conceptual Framework for Gender Issues in the South African Mining Sector


Botha, Doret and Freek Cronje. 2015. “Women in Mining: A Conceptual Framework for Gender Issues in the South African Mining Sector.” South African Journal of Labour Relations 39 (1): 10-37.

Authors: Doret Botha, Freek Cronje


New mining legislation aims to rectify previous inequalities and disadvantages in the mining sector and specifically provides for the inclusion of women in core mining activities. Although there is no lack of good will, the achievement of gender equality in the male-dominated mining sector remains one of the biggest equity challenges in the country and numerous problems accompany the deployment of women in core mining activities. The main objective of the study was to critically analyse gender issues in the mining sector and then to develop a conceptual framework that will enable the mining sector to contribute to and ensure the sustainable employment of women in this sector. A literature review was carried out to gain an in-depth understanding of the variables that have an impact on women in the mining sector specifically. An empirical study was conducted to identify and investigate relevant gender-related issues in the mining sector. Quantitative and qualitative research paradigms were used. The research revealed that various factors need to be considered for the successful and sustainable deployment of women in the mining sector. The study concludes by making recommendations and offering a conceptual framework that could be implemented and used by various stakeholders in the mining sector.

Topics: Development, Economies, Economic Inequality, Extractive Industries, Gender, Women, Gender Roles, Gender Balance, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, Gender Equity, Livelihoods Regions: Africa, Southern Africa Countries: South Africa

Year: 2015

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