Women and Non-Violent Forms of Activism in the Niger Delta Oil Resource Conflict


Patch, Jonathan. 2008. “Women and Non-Violent Forms of Activism in the Niger Delta Oil Resource Conflict.” The Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Development Studies 5 (3): 39-44. 

Author: Jonathan Patch


Oil related conflict in Nigeria dates back to debates in the late 1940s, when a federation of ethnic regions was established and the three dominant ethnic groups competed for the state’s oil resources. Since the 1990s the oil-rich Niger Delta has been the site of communal rivalries and violent protests by deprived oil communities against the alliance of the Nigerian State and multinational oil companies. Grievances have focused predominantly on unemployment, ecological damage, and the absence of basic social amenities. In 2002, non-violent protests by women from different ethnic groups led to the occupation of oil platforms. This paper will examine how, by employing peaceful means in engaging both multinational oil companies and the Nigerian state, women have been remarkably successful in realizing demands for economic empowerment. It will show how their efforts advanced the important process of raising awareness and attracting much needed support, thereby increasing the potential for a comprehensive ‘pan-Delta’ resistance to evolve.

Topics: Civil Society, Economies, Environment, Ethnicity, Extractive Industries, Gender, Women, Gender Roles, Nonviolence, Peace Processes, Political Economies, Political Participation Regions: Africa, West Africa Countries: Nigeria

Year: 2008

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