Weakest “P” in the 1325 Pod? Realizing Conflict Prevention through UN Security Council Resolution 1325


Confortini, Catia Cecilia, and Soumita Basu. 2011. ‘Weakest “P” in the 1325 Pod? Realizing Conflict Prevention through UN Security Council Resolution 1325’. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association Annual Conference, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Authors: Catia Cecilia Confortini, Soumita Basu


Security Council Resolution (SCR) 1325 is often described in terms of three ‘Ps’ – Protection, Prevention and Participation. With two follow-up resolutions (SCRs 1820 and 1888) focused on sexual and gender-based violence, Protection has emerged as the strongest component of 1325. Increasing participation of women in peace processes and post-conflict negotiations also fits comfortably – if not without challenges – into liberal UN policymaking. Participation is addressed in SCR 1889, the fourth SCR on Women and Peace and Security. Of the three ‘Ps’ – Prevention appears to have received the least attention in efforts to realize 1325.The proposed paper will examine the trajectory of the conflict prevention mandate of 1325 in UN policymaking during the period 2000-2010. The analysis will have two components: 1. Identify the ways in which the mandate of conflict prevention has been interpreted within the women, peace and security network (including member states, NGOs and UN agencies) in and around the UN Headquarters in New York. 2. In relation to 1325, discuss relevant policy recommendations (e.g. early warning mechanisms) and measures undertaken for implementation. The 1325 experience is investigated also with respect to parallel advocacy and policy mechanisms that include conflict prevention such as Responsibility to Protect and SCRs on conflict prevention in Africa. The aim of the paper is to highlight the challenges in translating conflict prevention into policy and practice. Further, drawing out the theoretical implications of this discussion on 1325, it is argued that effective incorporation of women’s experiences and gender analysis would require transformation of the concepts and processes associated with conflict prevention. This is particularly relevant in view of the exclusion of women's experiences in traditional conflict analysis scholarship.

Keywords: UNSCR 1325, gender-based violence, sexual violence, United Nations, political participation, conflict prevention

Topics: Conflict Prevention, Gender, Gender-Based Violence, International Organizations, Political Participation, UN Security Council Resolutions on WPS, UNSCR 1325 Regions: Africa

Year: 2011

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