Trafficking in Women and Children in India: Nature, Dimensions and Strategies for Prevention


Ghosh, Biswajit. 2009. "Trafficking in Women and Children in India: Nature, Dimensions and Strategies for Prevention." The International Journal of Human Rights 13 (5): 716-38.

Author: Biswajit Ghosh


Trafficking in women and children is one of the worst abuses of human rights. But it is very difficult to estimate the scale of the phenomenon as trafficking is closely related to child labour, bonded labour, child marriage, kidnapping and abduction and prostitution even though these phenomena can exist also independent of trafficking. This paper has attempted to analyse the nature, causes, modes and volume of trafficking in a country that has recently become a soft target in the South Asian region for trafficking in persons. India has failed to comply with certain international standards to combat the crime. The paper highlights the need to develop a multidimensional approach and focuses attention on structural factors of trafficking for recommending meaningful stratagems to counter the social evil.

Keywords: accountability, governance, military sexual assault, human trafficking, human rights, child labor, prostitution


In giving examples of the various causes of human trafficking in India, this essay notes that the demand for young girls has increased in Jammu and Kashmir due to the increasing concentration of military personnel in these areas.

Topics: Gender, Women, Girls, Boys, Rights, Human Rights, Trafficking, Human Trafficking, Sex Trafficking Regions: Asia, South Asia Countries: India

Year: 2009

© 2023 CONSORTIUM ON GENDER, SECURITY & HUMAN RIGHTSLEGAL STATEMENT All photographs used on this site, and any materials posted on it, are the property of their respective owners, and are used by permission. Photographs: The images used on the site may not be downloaded, used, or reproduced in any way without the permission of the owner of the image. Materials: Visitors to the site are welcome to peruse the materials posted for their own research or for educational purposes. These materials, whether the property of the Consortium or of another, may only be reproduced with the permission of the owner of the material. This website contains copyrighted materials. The Consortium believes that any use of copyrighted material on this site is both permissive and in accordance with the Fair Use doctrine of 17 U.S.C. § 107. If, however, you believe that your intellectual property rights have been violated, please contact the Consortium at