Suicide Ideation and Victimization Among Refugee Women Along the Thai–Burma Borde


Falb, Kathryn L., Marie C. McCormick, David Hemenway, Katherine Anfinson, and Jay G. Silverman. 2013. “Suicide Ideation and Victimization Among Refugee Women Along the Thai–Burma Border.” Journal of Traumatic Stress 26 (5): 631–35. doi:10.1002/jts.21846.

Authors: Katherine Anfinson, Kathryn L. Falb, David Hemenway, Marie C. McCormick, Jay G. Silverman


Refugee women may experience multiple forms of victimization. The hypotheses underlying the present analyses were that experiences of victimization during conflict and intimate partner violence (IPV) would be associated with heightened odds of suicide ideation among refugee women living in 3 camps along the Thai–Burma border. Descriptive statistics were generated to describe the prevalence of conflict victimization, past-year IPV victimization, past-month suicide ideation, and covariates among partnered women with complete data (N = 848) from a cross-sectional survey conducted in early 2008. Logistic generalized estimating equations were used to assess the crude and adjusted relationships between variables. The mean age of women was 32.12 years, 91.0% were married, and 78.8% were of Karen ethnicity. Overall, 7.4% of women reported past-month suicide ideation. Of those women who did not experience any victimization or conflict victimization only, 5.1% and 5.2% reported suicide ideation, respectively. By contrast 26.7% of women who experienced only IPV victimization reported suicide ideation, and 50.0% of women who experienced both forms of victimization reported suicide ideation. Understanding each form of violence victimization and their relationships to suicide ideation may be important for targeting psychosocial services and violence prevention programs within protracted refugee settings.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Displacement & Migration, Refugees, Gender, Women, Gender Analysis, Health, Mental Health, Trauma, Households Regions: Asia, Southeast Asia Countries: Myanmar, Thailand

Year: 2013

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