Socialist and Cultural Ecofeminism: Allies in Resistance


Carlassare, Elizabeth. 2000. “Socialist and Cultural Ecofeminism: Allies in Resistance.” Ethics and the Environment 5 (1): 89-106.

Author: Elizabeth Carlassare

Keywords: ecofeminism, feminism, socialism, materialism, social change, capitalism, neo-Marxism, merchants, ethical epistemology, women


“In this essay, I explore the differences and common ground between two predominant perspectives in ecofeminism, socialist and cultural ecofeminism, examining the strategies for social change and epistemological positions that arise from these perspectives. I argue against attempts by feminists and ecofeminists of materialist persuasions to dismiss all or part of ecofeminism on the basis that it is incoherent or regressive, examining the question of who such criticisms serve and suggesting alternative interpretations of ecofeminism's "regressive" moves and "incoherence." I argue that, despite their different views, ecofeminists are able to act together politically in their shared desire to end ecological degradation and foster social egalitarianism. Ecofeminism can be considered an open, flexible political and ethical alliance that does not invoke any shared, singular theoretical framework or epistemology. Finally, I emphasize the variability of the strategies and stakes involved in ecological activism by women and the necessity of recognizing the context specificity of different ecofeminist actions” (Carlassare 2000, 89-90).

Topics: Feminisms, Ecofeminism, Gender, Women

Year: 2000

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