Rape, Torture, and Traumatization of Bosnian and Croatian Women


Kozaric-Kovacic, Dragica, Vera Folnegovic-Smalc, Jarmila Skrinjaric, Nathan M. Szajnberg, and Ana Marusic. 1995. "Rape, Torture, and Traumatization of Bosnian and Croatian Women." American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 65 (3): 428-433.

Authors: Dragica Kozaric-Kovacic, Vera Folnegovic-Smalc, Jarmila Skrinjaric, Nathan. M. Szajnberg, Ana Marusic


The first 25 Bosnian women admitted to the Zagreb Obstetrics and Gynaecological Clinic or its associated regional psychiatric centers were assessed using both clinical and post-traumatic stress disorder interviews. Most of the women had been multiply traumatized; all had been repeatedly raped. Psychological status was assessed for those women who were not impregnated, for those impregnated who received abortions, and for those impregnated who carried the fetus to term.

Keywords: war rape, torture, trauma, mental health, posttraumatic stress disorder

Topics: Gender, Women, Gender-Based Violence, Health, Mental Health, PTSD, Reproductive Health, Trauma, Sexual Violence, Rape, SV against Women, Torture Regions: Europe, Balkans, Eastern Europe Countries: Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia

Year: 1995

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