Protecting Two Million Internally Displaced: The Successes and Shortcomings of the African Union in Darfur


O'Neill, William G., and Violette Cassis. 2005. Protecting Two Million Internally Displaced: The Successes and Shortcomings of the African Union in Darfur. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.

Authors: William G. O'Neill, Violette Cassis


Although armed conflict in Darfur continues to leave millions of people homeless, vulnerable to violence, and susceptible to potentially life-threatening diseases, African Union (AU) peacekeeping troops, contrary to popular belief, have made a difference in the region. Their presence has deterred the rape of women, reduced the recruitment of children into armed forces, protected humanitarian corridors and aid convoys, reduced the looting of animals belonging to Arab nomads, and helped displaced persons who returned to their homes. However, the report also finds many shortcomings and offers detailed recommendations to deal with the deteriorating situation in Darfur, including an increase in AU troop strength to at least 20,000.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Displacement & Migration, IDPs, Humanitarian Assistance, International Organizations, Peacekeeping, Security, Human Security, Sexual Violence, Rape Regions: Africa, East Africa Countries: Sudan

Year: 2005

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