Property Rights and Environmental Conflicts in Africa: An Exploration of the Main Issues


Matsa, Mark, and Timothy Mutekwa. 2009. “Property Rights and Environmental Conflicts in Africa: An Exploration of the Main Issues.” Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management 2 (1): 35-41. doi:10.4314/ejesm.v2i1.43500.

Authors: Mark Matsa, Timothy Mutekwa


Shared resources often engender environmental conflict. This is because the activities of some groups of users of a resource are often detrimental to others. This paper discusses the relationship between property rights and environmental conflicts in Africa. It illustrates this relationship both at intra-state as well as at inter-state levels. Gender relations and property rights are also discussed given that women, who undertake about 80% of farm work on the continent, are not accorded equal say as men in resource ownership and resource management. The paper suggests how the problem of resource ownership can be addressed in order to minimize or prevent environmental conflicts and promote development at country as well as at continental level.

Topics: Environment, Gender, Women, Gendered Power Relations, Rights, Property Rights Regions: Africa

Year: 2009

© 2023 CONSORTIUM ON GENDER, SECURITY & HUMAN RIGHTSLEGAL STATEMENT All photographs used on this site, and any materials posted on it, are the property of their respective owners, and are used by permission. Photographs: The images used on the site may not be downloaded, used, or reproduced in any way without the permission of the owner of the image. Materials: Visitors to the site are welcome to peruse the materials posted for their own research or for educational purposes. These materials, whether the property of the Consortium or of another, may only be reproduced with the permission of the owner of the material. This website contains copyrighted materials. The Consortium believes that any use of copyrighted material on this site is both permissive and in accordance with the Fair Use doctrine of 17 U.S.C. § 107. If, however, you believe that your intellectual property rights have been violated, please contact the Consortium at