Private Military and Security Companies and Gender


Schulz, Sabrina, and Christina Yeung. 2008. “Private Military and Security Companies and Gender.” In Gender and Security Sector Reform Toolkit, edited by Megan Bastick and Kristin Valasek, 1–20. Geneva: Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces-Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights-United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women.

Authors: Sabrina Schulz, Christina Yeung


This tool addresses the gender aspects and challenges of a relatively new phenomenon: the privatisation of security on a global scale. So far, reliable research data is scarce. Moreover, much of the relevant information, such as companies’ standard operating procedures as well as the contents of most of their contracts, is strictly confidential. However, this must not lead to complacency. In order to ensure the effectiveness and long-term success of security sector reform (SSR) involving Private Security Companies (PSCs) and Private Military Companies (PMCs) it is indispensable to integrate gender aspects into all operations. This tool will explain why gender is important and how gender initiatives can be developed and implemented in operations involving PSCs and PMCs, largely focusing on international PSCs and PMCs.

Topics: Gender, Gender Mainstreaming, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Private Military & Security, Privatization, Security Sector Reform

Year: 2008

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