Pregnancy during Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom


Albright, Todd S., Alan P. Gehrich, Johnnie Wright Jr., Christine F. Lettieri, Susan G. Dunlow, and Jerome L. Buller. 2007. “Pregnancy during Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom.” Military Medicine 172 (5): 511–14.

Authors: Todd Albright , Alan P. Gehrich, Johnnie Wright Jr., Christine F. Lettieri, Susan G. Dunlow, Jerome L. Buller


The purpose of this study was to evaluate pregnancy during war-time deployment. A retrospective review of gynecology visits was evaluated at Camp Doha, Kuwait, from August 2003 through April 2004. Of the 1,737 visits, 77 demonstrated a positive pregnancy test. These charts were evaluated for factors that may lead to important information for future deployments. The average age of the female soldier with a positive pregnancy test in theater was 27 +/- 7 years. The primary presenting complaint was amenorrhea. Ninety-two percent had an ultrasound. Fifty-four percent of visits were active duty, followed by Reserve, National Guard, and civilian government employees. Ninety-two percent were administratively redeployed. Seventy-seven percent of the soldiers became pregnant in country. Twenty-three percent arrived in country pregnant. Given the number of pregnancies before and during deployment, current screening procedures as well as new concepts in prevention need to be addressed.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Combatants, Female Combatants, Gender, Women, Health, Reproductive Health, Military Forces & Armed Groups Regions: Americas, North America Countries: United States of America

Year: 2007

© 2023 CONSORTIUM ON GENDER, SECURITY & HUMAN RIGHTSLEGAL STATEMENT All photographs used on this site, and any materials posted on it, are the property of their respective owners, and are used by permission. Photographs: The images used on the site may not be downloaded, used, or reproduced in any way without the permission of the owner of the image. Materials: Visitors to the site are welcome to peruse the materials posted for their own research or for educational purposes. These materials, whether the property of the Consortium or of another, may only be reproduced with the permission of the owner of the material. This website contains copyrighted materials. The Consortium believes that any use of copyrighted material on this site is both permissive and in accordance with the Fair Use doctrine of 17 U.S.C. § 107. If, however, you believe that your intellectual property rights have been violated, please contact the Consortium at