Mines and Female Employment


Kotsadam, Andreas, and Anja Tolonen. 2012. “Mines and Female Employment.” Paper presented at the 8th Annual Conference on Economic Growth and Development, New Delhi, December 17-19.

Authors: Andreas Kotsadam, Anja Tolonen


We analyze the effects of mining on women’s employment. We construct a unique data set consisting of more than two decades of panel data on the production of industrial mines in sub-Saharan Africa, and link it to individual level DHS data for more than half a million women from 28 countries in Sub Saharan Africa over 30 years. The spatial and temporal variations in our data allow us to investigate local spillover effects on employment using a difference in differences approach. We find that female employment increases once a mine opens and that women become more likely to work in services. The effects wear off with the distance to the mine and opposite effects occur once a mine closes. We also show significant heterogeneity across women in the effects of a mine depending on their marital status.

Topics: Economies, Extractive Industries, Gender, Women, Gender Balance, Gendered Power Relations, Livelihoods Regions: Africa

Year: 2012

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