Marital Violence, Human Development and Women’s Property Status in India


Panda, Pradeep, and Bina Agarwal. 2005. “Marital Violence, Human Development and Women’s Property Status in India.” World Development 33 (5): 823–50.

Authors: Pradeep Panda, Bina Agarwal


If development means the expansion of human capabilities, then freedom from domestic violence should be an integral part of any exercise for evaluating developmental progress. This paper focuses on a hitherto unexplored factor underlying women’s risk of marital violence, namely, women’s property status. Many studies have examined the scale and correlates of marital violence, but neglected this dimension. Based on a household survey in Kerala (India), the authors assess the prevalence and correlates of both physical and psychological violence—long term and current. Women owning immovable property (land or a house) are found to face a significantly lower risk of marital violence than propertyless women. This has implications for development policy.

Topics: Development, Domestic Violence, Gender, Women, Rights, Property Rights, Women's Rights Regions: Asia, South Asia Countries: India

Year: 2005

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