Making Public Expenditures Equitable: Gender Responsive and Participatory Budgeting


Ng, Cecilia. 2016. “Making Public Expenditures Equitable: Gender Responsive and Participatory Budgeting.” In Gender Responsive and Participatory Budgeting, edited by Cecilia Ng, 1–16. SpringerBriefs in Environment, Security, Development and Peace 22. Springer International Publishing.

Author: Cecilia Ng


Gender responsive budgeting (GRB) arose from the women’s movement while participatory budgeting (PB) erupted from progressive circles, including the workers’, slum dwellers’ and peasants’ movements. After about 30 years of practice, both GRB and PB are now at important junctures in their development. There have been few attempts to interlink or integrate the two approaches. The chapters in this book attempt to look at common denominators of successful GRB and PB outcomes, as well as challenges, taking into consideration the various national and local contexts. Three main themes emerge viz. the ‘hybridization ’ of GRB and PB; the implementation of GRB tools for gender equality and social justice; and the institutionalization of GRB and/or PB for better accountability and good governance.

Topics: Gender, Gender Budgeting, Governance

Year: 2016

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