The Intertwined Relationship between Power and Patriarchy: Examples from Resource Extractive Industries


Suliman, Nadine Naguib. 2019. "The Intertwined Relationship between Power and Patriarchy: Examples from Resource Extractive Industries." Societies 9 (1).

Author: Nadine Naguib Suliman


This study examines the relationships between extractive industries, power and patriarchy, raising attention to the negative social and environmental impacts these relationships have had on communities globally. Wealth accumulation, gender and environment inequality have occurred for decades or more as a result of patriarchal structures, controlled by the few in power. The multiple indirect ways these concepts have evolved to function in modern day societies further complicates attempts to resolve them and transform the social and natural world towards a more sustainable model. Partly relying on queer ecology, this paper opens space for uncovering some hidden mechanisms of asserting power and patriarchal methods of domination in resource-extractive industries and impacted populations. I hypothesize that patriarchy and gender inequality have a substantial impact on power relations and control of resources, in particular within the energy industry. Based on examples from the literature used to illustrate these processes, patriarchy-imposed gender relations are embedded in communities with large resource extraction industries and have a substantial impact on power relations, especially relative to wealth accumulation. The paper ends with a call for researchers to consider these issues more deeply and conceptually in the development of case studies and empirical analysis.

Keywords: power relations, resource extraction, patriarchy, inequality, capitalism, resource-distribution, gender dynamics, energy industry, resource control, resource exploitation

Topics: Environment, Extractive Industries, Gender, Gender Analysis, Gendered Power Relations, Patriarchy, Gender Equality/Inequality

Year: 2019

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