Indigenous Women’s Struggles to Oppose State-Sponsored Deforestation in Chhattisgarh, India

Citation:

Nandi, Sulakshana, and Samir Garg. 2017. “Indigenous Women’s Struggles to Oppose State-Sponsored Deforestation in Chhattisgarh, India.” Gender & Development 25 (3): 387–403. 

Authors: Sulakshana Nandi, Samir Garg

Abstract:

ENGLISH ABSTRACT:
In Chhattisgarh state, nearly half the land area is covered with forests that are essential to the livelihoods and culture of the indigenous communities there. Tree felling has escalated in the past decades, with natural forests replaced by teak plantations. The article narrates the struggles of AAS, an organisation of indigenous women, for restoration of land and forest rights to the indigenous communities. It shows the importance of people’s organisations and their struggles for natural resource justice. Women have challenged the state, using a range of strategies.

SPANISH ABSTRACT:
En el estado de Chhattisgarh, casi la mitad del territorio se encuentra cubierta por bosques que resultan esenciales para proporcionar los medios de vida de las comunidades indígenas que ahí habitan y además se encuentran estrechamente ligados a su cultura. En las últimas décadas, ha repuntado la tala de árboles; ello ha dado lugar a la transformación de los bosques naturales en plantaciones de teca. El presente artículo narra las luchas de AAS, una organización de mujeres indígenas que busca restaurar el derecho a la tierra y los bosques de las comunidades indígenas. Además, da cuenta de la importancia que reviste la organización popular y sus luchas para obtener justicia en cuestiones vinculadas a los recursos naturales. Mediante varias estrategias, las mujeres han desafiado al Estado.

FRENCH ABSTRACT:
Dans l’État de Chhattisgarh, presque la moitié de la superficie terrestre est couverte de forêts qui sont essentielles pour les moyens de subsistance et la culture des communautés autochtones qui s’y trouvent. L’abattage d’arbres s’est intensifié au cours des quelques dernières décennies, et les forêts naturelles ont été remplacées par des plantations de teck. Cet article relate les luttes menées par AAS, une organisation de femmes autochtones, pour rétablir les droits fonciers et forestiers des communautés autochtones. Il montre l’importance des organisations de la population et des luttes qu’elles mènent pour obtenir la justice en matière de ressources naturelles. Les femmes ont remis l’État en cause en utilisant une variété de stratégies.

Keywords: deforestation, community health workers, social determinants of health, forest rights, indigenous rights

Topics: Environment, Extractive Industries, Gender, Women, Health, Indigenous, Livelihoods, Rights, Indigenous Rights Regions: Asia, South Asia Countries: India

Year: 2017

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