Gender, Roads, and Mobility in Asia


Kusakabe, Kyoko, ed. 2012. Gender, Roads, and Mobility in Asia. Bourton on Dunsmore, Rugby: Practical Action Publishing.

Author: Kyoko Kusakabe


Poor roads and transport infrastructure are key factors in the marginalization of women and other disempowered groups, but there is little understanding of the many ways in which a lack of mobility affects people’s lives. In South-east Asia, huge strides are being made in highway development and regional economic integration, and the connections between mobility and livelihood are extremely dynamic. The complex interplay of factors makes these connections both interesting and challenging for study. Do roads necessarily bring economic opportunities and prosperity? How does the possible change in mobility transform the lives of women and marginalized groups? How does the differential impact of these changes on people depend on geographical, social, and historical factors and people’s own capacities to make optimum use of the new resource? Gender, Roads, and Mobility in Asia is a collection of case-based research in developing countries exploring the inter-relations between gender, poverty, and mobility, especially in the context of transportation development. It brings together stories from different points of transformation and what emerges is a nuanced picture of how people’s own positions and capabilities – gender, age, ethnicity, literacy, and education – influence the impact of the infrastructure development on their lives. Gender, Roads, and Mobility in Asia should be read by policy makers, transportation planners, development practitioners and researchers, undergraduates, postgraduates, and academics in the areas of gender and development studies and transportation planning and management. (Practical Action Publishing)


Table of Contents

1. Introduction: Gender, roads, and mobility in Asia

(Kyoko Kusakabe)

Part. I Connecting Asia: Explosive growth in infrastructure

2. International road transport in GMS  

(Shinya Hanaoka)

3. Influence of transportation infrastructure development on freight traffic flow patterns in GMS

(Ryuichi Shibasaki)

4. Rural-urban-global linkages, economic integration, and development

(H. Detlef Kammeier)

5. The influence of highways on economic development of medium- and small-sized cities in China

(Ba Tianxing)

Part. II Gendered impact of transport development

6. Gender, mobility, and road construction in GMS

(Kyoko Kusakabe)

7. Gendered impacts of road infrastructure development along the Kunming-Bangkok highway

(Zhao Qun)

8. Effects of infrastructure development on trade and gender relations: A study at Lao Bao border, Vietnam(Vo Thi Quynh)

9. Gender analysis of changes in livelihoods at the border: A case study of Houayxai, Lao PDR (Lamphoun Khounphakdy)

10. Impact of cross-border road construction on the livelihoods of women and men in Kyaing Tong-Tachilek, Myanmar

(Win Myo Thu)

11. Cross-border trading experiences before and after the construction of the second Lao-Thai Friendship Bridge

(John Walsh)

12. Negotiating the trade route at the border: A case study of women small-scale cross-border traders in Myitkyina, Myanmar

(Khin Hnin Phyu) 

13. Gendered patterns of urban commuting with better connectivity in Jakarta megapolitan area

(Dendi Handiyatmo)

14. Gendered mobility of working couples: A case of Soi Sukhumvit 22 (Wijitbusaba Ann Marome) 

Part. III Planning gendered interventions in road development 

15. Role of transport infrastructure in changing gender relations in rural Sri Lanka

(Upali Pannilage)

16. Participatory road construction and poverty reduction in Nepal

(Jun Hada)

17. Road connectivity and its impact on women's poverty in Nepal

(Bandana Sharma)

18. Construction of village roads by villagers: Creating jobs for women and men in Sunamganj, Bangladesh

(Michael A. Roy)

19. Road improvement in Cambodia: Livelihood, education, health and empowerment

(Ngin Chanrith) 

20. Mobility and accessibility to health services in rural Nepal

(Binjwala Shrestha)

21. Conclusion: Studying gender relations in a mobile world

(Kyoko Kusakabe)

Topics: Development, Economies, Poverty, Gender, Women, Infrastructure, Transportation Regions: Asia

Year: 2012

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