Gender, Peace and Security: Women’s Advocacy and Conflict Resolution


M’Cormack-Hale, Fredline. 2012. Gender, Peace and Security: Women’s Advocacy and Conflict Resolution. London: Commonwealth Secretariat.

Author: Fredline M'Cormack Hale


Examines women's role in both conflict and post-conflict reconciliation. It describes how UNSCR 1325 provides support for women in peace-building processes and provides case studies of how it has been implemented in selected countries, including the benefits of NAPs and women's involvement in their adoption. (WorldCat)


Table of Contents



1. Introduction 


2. Women, Conflict and UNSCR 1325 

The role of women in conflict and post-conflict countries UNSCR 1325: In support of women in peace-building processes 


3. Women's Peace-building Efforts across the Commonwealth 

Examples of limited engagement in peace negotiations 

Sierra Leone 



Solomon Islands 

Papua New Guinea (Bougainville) 

Why women's engagement may be limited following conflict 


4. Women and National Action Plans (NAPs) 

Women's involvement in the adoption of NAPs 


Sierra Leone 


NAPs in countries at peace: a different experience 

United Kingdom 


Benefits of NAPS 


5. Peace and Conflict in the Commonwealth 

Implementation of UNSCR 1325 in selected countries (2000-2011) 

India Nigeria 

Papua New Guinea (Bougainville) 


Solomon Islands 

Sri Lanka 


Afghanistan (a non-Commonwealth example) 

Possible scenarios for women, peace and conflict in these countries, 2011-2015 



Papua New Guinea (Bougainville) 


Solomon Islands 

Sri Lanka 


Afghanistan (a non-Commonwealth example) 


6. Recommendations 

Recommendations for the Commonwealth Secretariat and other strategic partners 

Address cultural beliefs 

Address structural inequalities: economic opportunities 

Address structural inequalities: laws 

Address monitoring and evaluation 

Develop a Commonwealth model for the adoption of NAPs 

Collaborate with other local and international actors 

Support women's inclusion in peace processes 

Work with countries at peace to prevent conflict and engender peacekeeping 

Recommendations for Commonwealth member states 

Document lessons learned and best practices 

Take a multi-sectoral approach to the adoption of NAPs 

Collaborate with the private sector and civil society organisations 

Align reporting of NAPs with the Commonwealth Gender Plan of Action 

Domesticate NAPs into national laws 

Dedicate funds for the implementation of NAPs 

Introduce accountability measures for NAPs


Topics: Armed Conflict, Gender, Women, Peacebuilding, Post-Conflict, Post-Conflict Reconstruction, UN Security Council Resolutions on WPS, UNSCR 1325

Year: 2012

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