Gender Patterns of Human Mobility in Colombia: Reexamining Ravenstein’s Laws of Migration

Citation:

Macedo, Mariana, Laura Lotero, Alessio Cardillo, Hugo Barbosa, and Ronaldo Menezes. 2020. “Gender Patterns of Human Mobility in Colombia: Reexamining Ravenstein’s Laws of Migration.” In Complex Networks XI, edited by Hugo Barbosa, Jesus Gomez-Gardenes, Bruno Gonçalves, Giuseppe Mangioni, Ronaldo Menezes, and Marcos Oliveira, 269–81. Cham: Springer Publishing Company, Inc.

Authors: Mariana Macedo, Laura Lotero, Alessio Cardillo, Hugo Barbosa, Ronaldo Menezes

Abstract:

Public stakeholders implement several policies and regulations to tackle gender gaps, fostering the change in the cultural constructs associated with gender. One way to quantify if such changes elicit gender equality is by studying mobility. In this work, we study the daily mobility patterns of women and men occurring in Medellín (Colombia) in two years: 2005 and 2017. Specifically, we focus on the spatiotemporal differences in the travels and find that purpose of travel and occupation characterise each gender differently. We show that women tend to make shorter trips, corroborating Ravenstein’s Laws of Migration. Our results indicate that urban mobility in Colombia seems to behave in agreement with the “archetypal” case studied by Ravenstein.

Keywords: gender gap, Ravenstein's laws of migration, urban mobility, networks

Topics: Displacement & Migration, Migration, Gender, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, Livelihoods Regions: Americas, South America Countries: Colombia

Year: 2020

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