Gender Inclusiveness in Disaster Risk Governance for Sustainable Recovery of 2015 Gorkha Earthquake, Nepal


Thapa, Vineeta, and Pairote Pathranarakul. 2019. "Gender Inclusiveness in Disaster Risk Governance for Sustainable Recovery of 2015 Gorkha Earthquake, Nepal." International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 34: 209-19.

Authors: Vineeta Thapa, Pairote Pathranarakul


Disaster impacts vary in two distinct stages including immediate and long-term impacts. The current disaster management practices focus mainly on immediate search and rescue overlooking long-term disaster impacts. This study explores the neglected gender sensitive aspect particularly women's roles and participation during disaster recovery, gaps in gender inclusive disaster risk governance framework, and attempts to highlight the current needs for sustainable recovery of the 2015 Gorkha Earthquake. The study uses a mixed-methods approach and examines the historical Kathmandu city and Sankhu town which were severely affected by the 2015 earthquake. By employing household surveys, key informant interviews, focus group discussions, field observation, and literature review, the study found that understanding of the gender sensitivity in post-disaster recovery was oblivious among the Nepalese community due to lack of knowledge, traditional patriarchal culture, awareness and exposure. Further, the unfavorable political situation, limited capacity and policy implementation failures to gender inclusiveness have been the biggest challenge for post-disaster recovery. The findings have implications for the ongoing recovery process in Nepal and other least developed countries engaged in disaster risk reduction.

Keywords: gender inclusiveness, disaster risk governance, disaster recovery, Gorkha Earthquake, Nepal

Topics: Environment, Environmental Disasters, Gender, Gendered Power Relations, Patriarchy Regions: Asia, South Asia Countries: Nepal

Year: 2019

© 2023 CONSORTIUM ON GENDER, SECURITY & HUMAN RIGHTSLEGAL STATEMENT All photographs used on this site, and any materials posted on it, are the property of their respective owners, and are used by permission. Photographs: The images used on the site may not be downloaded, used, or reproduced in any way without the permission of the owner of the image. Materials: Visitors to the site are welcome to peruse the materials posted for their own research or for educational purposes. These materials, whether the property of the Consortium or of another, may only be reproduced with the permission of the owner of the material. This website contains copyrighted materials. The Consortium believes that any use of copyrighted material on this site is both permissive and in accordance with the Fair Use doctrine of 17 U.S.C. § 107. If, however, you believe that your intellectual property rights have been violated, please contact the Consortium at