Gender, Feminist Consciousness, and War


Conover, Pamela Johnston, and Virginia Sapiro. 1993. “Gender, Feminist Consciousness, and War.” American Journal of Political Science 37 (4): 1079-99.

Authors: Pamela Johnston Conover, Virginia Sapiro


In the post-World War II era, American women have been consistently less militaristic and more opposed to war than American men. Theorists, both feminist and not, have attributed such differences to gender itself, maternalism, and feminism. Drawing on the American National Election Study 1991 Pilot Study, we explore these hypotheses and discover no support for the maternalist explanation, some evidence in favor of the feminist accounting, and substantial support for the gender explanation. We also probe into the structure of political thinking in these areas and discover that the roots of women's and men's thinking usually differ even when they basically agree on the "bottom line." In particular, men's attitudes are much more partisan in their origins than are women's.

Topics: Feminisms, Gender, Women, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Militarism Regions: Americas, North America Countries: United States of America

Year: 1993

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