Gender Exploitation: from Structural Adjustment Policies to Poverty Reduction Strategies


Ali, Khadija, and Eshya Mujahid-Mukhtar. 2003. "Gender Exploitation: from Structural Adjustment Policies to Poverty Reduction Strategies." The Pakistan Development Review 42 (4): 669-694.

Authors: Khadija Ali, Eshya Mujahid-Mukhtar



This paper presents a comparison of Structural Adjustment Policies (SAPs) and Poverty Reduction Strategies, particularly with reference to gender issues. To strengthen the case for engendering, Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs), this paper provides empirical evidence of the effects of SAPs on the lives of women in many developing countries. A rich body of literature has been used to analyse how different policy measures imposed by the World Bank and the IMF have affected women, particularly the poor women. Most of the studies, regarding this aspect of adjustment policies, have found women in a deteriorated condition in every field of life. Women, whether they are producers, consumers, household managers, or community organisers, have been affected more adversely than their male counterparts, mostly because of the gender blindness of these policies. But while adopting alternative strategies meant for poverty reduction, no lesson has been learnt from past experiences. Only very few countries so far have engendered their PRSPs in an appropriate way. Others have given very little importance or no importance at all to this issue. It is therefore suggested that Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers must be engendered, if the objective is to tackle the problem of poverty, and gender issues must be mainstreamed in the PRSPs (Abstract from JSTOR). 

Topics: Gender Mainstreaming, International Financial Institutions, Privatization

Year: 2003

© 2023 CONSORTIUM ON GENDER, SECURITY & HUMAN RIGHTSLEGAL STATEMENT All photographs used on this site, and any materials posted on it, are the property of their respective owners, and are used by permission. Photographs: The images used on the site may not be downloaded, used, or reproduced in any way without the permission of the owner of the image. Materials: Visitors to the site are welcome to peruse the materials posted for their own research or for educational purposes. These materials, whether the property of the Consortium or of another, may only be reproduced with the permission of the owner of the material. This website contains copyrighted materials. The Consortium believes that any use of copyrighted material on this site is both permissive and in accordance with the Fair Use doctrine of 17 U.S.C. § 107. If, however, you believe that your intellectual property rights have been violated, please contact the Consortium at