Gender Equality and State Environmentalism

Citation:

Norgaard, Kari, and Richard York. 2005. “Gender Equality and State Environmentalism.” Gender & Society 19 (4): 506–22.

Authors: Kari Norgaard, Richard York

Abstract:

There are several compelling reasons to expect that gender equality may serve to foster state environmentalism. However, most previous research on environmental politics has neglected gender. To help further our understanding of the connection between gender and environmental politics, the authors empirically assess the association between the representation of women in national Parliament and environmental treaty ratification, using a large sample of nations. The findings indicate that nations with higher proportions of women in Parliament are more prone to ratify environmental treaties than are other nations. The results point to the importance of considering the role of gender in analyses of state behavior and environmental politics and are consistent with the argument of some feminist theorists that the exploitation of nature and the exploitation of women are interconnected.

Keywords: ecofeminism, environmental treaty ratification, state environmentalism

Topics: Environment, Feminisms, Ecofeminism, Gender, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, Governance, Political Participation

Year: 2005

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