The Gender Dimensions of Post-Conflict Reconstruction: The Challenges in Development Aid


Greenberg, Marcia E., and Elaine Zuckerman. 2006. “The Gender Dimensions of Post-Conflict Reconstruction: The Challenges in Development Aid.” Research Paper 62, World Institute for Development Economics Research, United Nations University, Helsinki, Finland.

Authors: Marcia E. Greenberg, Elaine Zuckerman


Based on analysing World Bank and other donor post-conflict reconstruction (PCR) loans and grants from rights-based, macroeconomic and microeconomic perspectives, we conclude that few PCR projects identify or address gender discrimination issues. Bank PCR investments hardly reflect Bank research recognizing that gender inequality increases the likelihood of conflict and gender equality is central to development and peace. Our conceptual framework examining women’s programmes, gender mainstreaming, and gender roles in transforming violent into peaceful societies, leads to recommending that PCR projects systematically address gender issues and promote gender equality to make peace work.

Keywords: women, reconstruction, post-conflict, equality, gender, gender and development, development aid

Topics: Development, Gender, Gender Roles, Gender Mainstreaming, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, International Financial Institutions, Post-Conflict, Post-Conflict Reconstruction

Year: 2006

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