Gender Dimensions of Climate Change Adaptation Practices: The Experiences of Smallholder Crop Farmers in the Transition Zone of Ghana


Wrigley-Asante, Charlotte, Kwadwo Owusu, Irene S. Egyir, and Tom Mboya Owiyo. 2019. "Gender Dimensions of Climate Change Adaptation Practices: The Experiences of Smallholder Crop Farmers in the Transition Zone of Ghana." African Geographical Review 38 (2): 126-39.

Authors: Charlotte Wrigley-Asante, Kwadwo Owusu, Irene S. Egyir, Tom Mboya Owiyo


This paper discusses the gender dimensions of climate change adaptation strategies among small holder crop farmers in the transition zone of Ghana. A total of 612 farmers (328 females and 284 males) were interviewed using purposive sampling technique. Our results indicate that adaptation strategies are gendered with men mostly resorting to on-farm agronomic practices such as the use of artificial fertilizers and also moving into new cash crops. Female farmers also use similar on-farm agronomic practices particularly artificial fertilizers to boost crop production but most importantly resorted to petty trading in agricultural and consumable goods, an off-farm strategy. This shows women’s resilience which has also subsequently improved their decision-making role at the household level, which is an indicator of empowerment. We recommend that institutions that support climate change adaptation initiatives at the local level must take gender differences into consideration and support particularly women to strengthen their resilience and consolidate their empowerment.

Keywords: gender, climate change, adaptation, Ghana, women, men

Topics: Agriculture, Environment, Climate Change, Gender, Women, Households, Livelihoods Regions: Africa, West Africa Countries: Ghana

Year: 2019

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