Gender and Nationalism: Acadians, Quebecois, and Irish in New Brunswick Nineteenth-Century Colleges and Convent Schools, 1854-1888


Andrew, Sheila. 2002. "Gender and Nationalism: Acadians, Quebecois, and Irish in New Brunswick Nineteenth-Century Colleges and Convent Schools, 1854-1888." Historical Studies 68: 7-23.

Author: Sheila Andrew


Through analysis of the records of New Brunswick colleges and convent schools, newspaper accounts of their activities and memoirs of those involved, this paper examines attitudes to nationalism. It finds that the institutions that included students from Quebec, Acadians, and students of Irish background encouraged bilingualism for all students but also reflected the tensions in New Brunswick society by developing different forms of nationalism. In the colleges, the response was shaped by a gendered image of nationalism as emulation between the students of different origins and a blend of nationalism as common dislike of British colonial actions in the past and of pride in the current achievements of Britain and Queen Victoria. In the convents, collaboration, rather than emulation, was encouraged and nationalism was expressed as a common pride in surviving persecution and establishing unity in religion. These patterns were reflected in the subsequent behavior of the former students, influencing politics, business, and community life.

Topics: Civil Society, Coloniality/Post-Coloniality, Education, Gender, Nationalism, Religion Regions: Americas, North America Countries: Canada

Year: 2002

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