Gender and Livelihoods among Internally Displaced Persons in Mindanao, Philippines


Cagoco-Guiam, Rufa. 2013. Gender and Livelihoods among Internally Displaced Persons in Mindanao, Philippines. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings-London School of Economics Project on Internal Displacement

Author: Rufa Cagoco-Guiam


Internal displacement has confronted Mindanao populations for more than five decades, dating back to the height of the so-called "Muslim-Christian conflict" in the early to mid-1970s. Displaced communities encounter a range of vulnerabilities as they face a whole new milieu in which their familiar systems of social protection, including livelihoods, are gone or fragmented due to forced evacuation.
This study on gender and livelihoods among IDPs is based on fieldwork conducted from October to December 2012, in three areas in Central and Southern Mindanao (Notre Dame Village, Cotabato City; Datu Piang, Maguindanao Province; and Sitio Pananag, Barangay Lumasal, Maasim, Sarangani Province). Fieldwork data gathering techniques included key informant interviews with government officials and civil society leaders, as well as focus group discussions with "protracted" IDPs in the three areas. The study aimed to answer the following research questions:
  • What are the gender dimensions of the deprivations of livelihoods due to internal displacement?
  • How can efforts to restore or access new livelihoods help advance gender equity and support internally displaced women as agents of positive change at different levels (from local to the national levels)?
  • Are there particular livelihood strategies that advance the rights and well-being of internally displaced women, their families, and communities? In what ways?
  • What are the potential contributions of innovative livelihood initiatives to peace building, the reconstruction process and the pursuit of durable solutions to displacement?

Topics: Displacement & Migration, IDPs, Gender, Women, Livelihoods, Post-Conflict, Post-Conflict Reconstruction Regions: Asia, Southeast Asia Countries: Philippines

Year: 2013

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