Gender and Corruption


Swamy, Anand, Stephen Knack, Young Lee, and Omar Azfar. 2001. “Gender and Corruption.” Journal of Development Economics 64 (1): 25–55.

Authors: Anand Swamy, Stephen Knack, Young Lee, Omar Azfar


Using several independent data sets, we investigate the relationship between gender and corruption. We show using micro-data that women are less involved in bribery, and are less likely to condone bribe-taking. Cross-country data show that corruption is less severe where women hold a larger share of parliamentary seats and senior positions in the government bureaucracy, and comprise a larger share of the labor force.

Keywords: corruption, gender, policy

Topics: Corruption, Gender, Women, Governance, Political Participation

Year: 2001

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