Gender and Attitudes Toward Justice System Bias in Central America


Walker, Lee Demetrius. 2008. “Gender and Attitudes Toward Justice System Bias in Central America.” Latin American Research Review 43 (2): 80-106.

Author: Lee Demetrius Walker


What interests of Latin American women create distinctive attitudes toward justice system equality that differ from those of Latin American men? Building on recent work on general justice system bias and using 2003 Latinobarómetro data, I test this question in three Central American countries (Costa Rica, El Salvador, and Nicaragua) using two sets of attitudes toward justice system performance (equal punishment and equal treatment), women are significantly more likely to believe that the criminal justice system provides unequal treatment before the law than are men, while women and men express the same level of belief that the justice system provides equal punishment. Evidence indicates that women connect unequal treatment to economic factors and follow a conflict model of criminal justice, which posits these attitudinal differences as a function of the group's subordinate position in society.

Topics: Gender, Women, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, Justice Regions: Americas, Central America Countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Nicaragua

Year: 2008

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