By Force of Arms: Rape, War, and Military Culture


Morris, Madeline. 1996. “By Force of Arms: Rape, War, and Military Culture.” Duke Law Journal 45 (4): 651-781.

Author: Madeline Morris


Frequently throughout the history of warfare, widespread rape has been associated with war. It has been alleged in recent years that rape and sexual assault by military personnel in peacetime also constitute problems of substantial magnitude. This Article seeks to examine the relationship between sexual assault, combat, and military organizations. Toward that end, the Article first compares military rape rates with civilian rates in peace as well as in war. In the light of those crime-rate comparisons, the Article then offers policy analyses and proposals with a view to reducing the incidence of rape by military personnel.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Combatants, Gender-Based Violence, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Sexual Violence, Rape

Year: 1996

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