Fils, frères, pères


Bertrand, Monique. 2013. “Fils, frères, pères”. Cahiers d’études africaines, 1, 323‑44.

English: Bertrand, Monique. 2013. “Sons, brothers, fathers.” Reports on African Studies, 1, 323‑44.

Author: Monique Bertrand


Au regard d’approches intéressant au Mali le sujet collectif “femmes”, les rapports intergénérationnels offrent des pistes heuristiques pour graduer, dans la capitale, les masculinités d’hégémoniques à marginalisées. Ce texte s’attache à des capacités sociales fortement revendiquées par les hommes: leur vocation à “héberger” étrangers, épouses et descendances, parentés directe et indirecte. L’honneur de l’hôte se défend dans l’installation d’une maison et le maintien de cohabitations résidentielles, dont il assume la charge et déplore les heurts, pour tenir rang dans la vie urbaine. À différentes étapes de mobilisation et de déstabilisation de références normatives, les rôles s’inversent dans l’hébergement; des contradictions se dévoilent; les mérites reconnus à certains rencontrent les reproches adressés à de nouvelles générations d’hommes pour la redistribution des ressources urbaines. Plus individualisées, ces visions masculines contextualisent les rapports de genre dans les termes d’une transition migratoire, démographique et métropolitaine.

English Abstract:

Since “women” tend to be analysed as a collective subject in Mali, the intergenerational relationships offer heuristic ways to evaluate the masculinity in a range of hegemonic marginalised positions, in the capital of the country. This paper deals with social capacities which are still strongly asserted by men: their authority in the matter of “lodging” as much as possible of strangers, wives and descendants, from direct and indirect kinships. The honour of the logeur is defended through the setting of a house and the ability to support co-dwellers on its name, assuming the load and clashes of a family to gain prestige in the urban life. Normative references are sometimes mobilised sometimes destabilised in the course of men’s life: housing practices can reverse the social roles, or reveal new contradictions; merits recognized for some family members can meet reproaches addressed to new generations of men concerning the redistribution of urban resources. These viewpoints on male duties tend to be more individual, but they put gender relationships in the prospect of a triple transition: migratory, demographic and metropolitan.

Keywords: Mali, masculinity, migration, kinship, intergenerational relationships, urbanity

Topics: Displacement & Migration, Migration, Gender, Men, Gender Roles, Gendered Power Relations, Households Regions: Africa, West Africa Countries: Mali

Year: 2013

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