Female-Dominated Local Social Movement Organizations in Disaster-Threat Situations


Neal, David, and Brenda Phillips. 1990. “Female-Dominated Local Social Movement Organizations in Disaster-Threat Situations.” In Women and Social Protest, edited by Guida West and Rhoda Blumberg, 243–55. New York: Oxford University Press.

Authors: David Neal , Brenda Phillips


"In this study, we hope to expand the knowledge of membership and leadership composition, especially the role of women, in one type of local movement organization, the emergent citizen group (ECG) in disaster. During a nationwide study of over forty such grass-roots groups, we found that women predominated in the leadership and membership structure. As we will explain, ECGs fall under the rubric of social movement organizations (McCarthy and Zald 1977) and movement organizations locals (Lofland and Jamison 1984). 
"We contend that factors such as task structure, preexisting social networks, type of issue, and other conditions facilitate women's increased membership and leadership in ECGs. Drawing on varied studies of women's involvement in social movements and their related organizations, we demonstrate how historical and situational factors influence the composition of certain types of movement organizations, including ECGs" (Neal and Phillips 1990, p. 243-4).

Topics: Environment, Environmental Disasters, Gender, Women

Year: 1990

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