Ending Sexual Violence in the Congo


Breton-Le Goff, Gaelle. 2010. “Ending Sexual Violence in the Congo.” The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs 34 (1): 13–40.

Author: Gaelle Bretton-Le Goff


Even today, feminist activists fighting against impunity for sexual crimes are at risk of death threats and sexual violence, including having their relatives raped, beaten, or forced to stay nude for hours in front of a group of armed soldiers. ... While the security situation was deteriorating due to the presence of two dozen armed groups in the region, the Security Council decided in 2004 to modify the mandate of MONUC to include the protection of civilians under imminent threat of physical violence and to investigate serious violations of human rights. ... Following the attacks on Goma and Rutshuru in North Kivu last year by Nkunda's CNDP rebels, HRW and other NGOs, as well as the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, rapidly denounced sexual violence perpetrated by both: the rebels and the national army. ... In the Kivu and Ituri, police officers lack the necessary supplies to carry out their duties; they often complain of not having gasoline for their motorcycles, making it difficult to undertake investigations on the ground. ... At least five million people have been killed during the conflicts, and an unknown number of women, girls, boys, and men have been victims of sexual violence. (LEXISNEXIS)

Topics: Armed Conflict, Feminisms, Justice, Crimes against Humanity, War Crimes, Rights, Human Rights, Security, Sexual Violence, Rape Regions: Africa, Central Africa Countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo

Year: 2010

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