Diversity of Livelihoods and Social Sustainability in Established Mining Communities


Segerstedt, Eugenia, and Lena Abrahamsson. 2019. "Diversity of Livelihoods and Social Sustainability in Established Mining Communities." The Extractive Industries and Society 6 (2): 610-9. 

Authors: Eugenia Segerstedt, Lena Abrahamsson


The challenges for any community that seeks to maintain a healthy and thriving social life around an operating mine have been considered at some length in research, but the picture is still far from complete. In order to pinpoint some of the gaps in research, the literature on social sustainability as applied to established mining communities in developed countries is here reviewed, and the general understanding of the social sustainability of such communities is touched on. Diversity of livelihoods is explored as an analytical lens which can be used to approach social sustainability challenges without essentializing the preferences of social groups. Extensive literature searches with keywords such as mining, work, gender, organization, social, sustainability, community, town, area, cohesion and inclusion were conducted. The results of our review show a research gap between studies of mining companies and studies of wider mining communities. We conclude that considering diversity of livelihoods can be a productive analytical tool when approaching aspects of social sustainability such as social cohesion and inclusion, gender equality, managed migration, demographics, and housing infrastructure. Continued research is recommended to further bridge the gap between studies of mining companies and studies of mining communities from the perspective of social sustainability.

Keywords: social sustainability, mining, Gender, diversity, Community planning

Topics: Environment, Extractive Industries, Gender, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, Livelihoods

Year: 2019

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