Derecho agrario, herencia y tierra en ejidos del Noroeste de México: un análisis sociocultural con perspectiva de género*

Citation:

Vázques, Magdalena Lagunas, Luis Felipe Beltrán Morales, y Alfredo Ortega Rubio. 2018. “Derecho agrario, herencia y tierra en ejidos del Noroeste de México: un análisis sociocultural con perspectiva de género*.” Desacatos 58: 148-67.

Authors: Magdalena Lagunas Vázques, Luis Felipe Beltrán Morales, Alfredo Ortega Rubio

Abstract:

SPANISH ABSTRACT:
Mediante una caracterización, en términos socioculturales, de las mujeres ejidatarias en cuatro ejidos de Baja California Sur, se estudian sus procesos de acceso a la tierra y el derecho agrario, los principales patrones de herencia y las desigualdades de género en su entorno rural ejidal. Se utilizan entrevistas semiestructuradas, a profundidad y diario de campo con perspectiva de género. El porcentaje de mujeres con derechos agrarios es mínimo y 90% los adquirió por herencia. Más de la mitad considera que existe discriminación hacia las mujeres. Los patrones culturales de acceso a la tierra, las costumbres sobre la herencia, y en general, el papel de la mujer campesina en la sociedad propician la situación de desigualdad de género que prevalece en el campo.
 
ENGLISH ABSTRACT:
We aim to describe women ejidatarias socioculturally in four ejidos —village communal holdings— of Baja California Sur, including their processes of access to land and agrarian rights, the main patterns of inheritance and gender inequalities in a rural environment. Semi-structured and in-depth interviews, and field diaries with a gender perspective are used on methodological approach. The percentage of women with land rights is minimal and 90% acquired them by inheritance. More than half believe that there is discrimination against women. Cultural patterns of access to land, customs over inheritance, and in general the role of peasant women in society propitiate the situation of inequality currently prevailing in the countryside for rural women. 

Keywords: ejidos, perspectiva de género, desigualdad agraria, mujeres campesinas, ejidatarias, ejidos––village comunal holdings, gender perspective, agrarian inequality, rural women, women with land rights

Topics: Gender, Women, Gendered Power Relations, Gender Equality/Inequality, Rights, Land Rights Regions: Americas, North America Countries: Mexico

Year: 2018

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