Demobilization and Reintegration in Central America


Spencer, Denise. 1997. Demobilization and Reintegration in Central America. Bonn, Germany: Bonn International Conversion Center.

Author: Denise Spencer


This paper reviews reductions in armed forces and opposition forces of Central American countries and the context of each demobilization experience. A brief background of the Central American peace process and the resolution of conflicts in Nicaragua and El Salvador will illustrate how a trend toward demilitarization in the region developed and established a sense of regional security–though at times unstable–essential to successful demobilization and reintegration experiences. The Paper then reviews these post-conflict experiences in light of the peace agreements and commitments made by the respective governments. The challenges to demobilization and reintegration exercises and the reintegration support provided for ex-combatants are examined.

Topics: Armed Conflict, Combatants, DDR, Gender, Military Forces & Armed Groups, Militaries, Peace Processes, Post-Conflict Regions: Americas, Central America

Year: 1997

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