Darfur Conflict: Livelihoods and Land Tenure Perspective


Badri, Babiker. 2008. “Darfur Conflict: Livelihoods and Land Tenure Perspective.” Ahfad Journal 25 (2): 30–56.

Author: Babiker Badri


This paper is elaborating the hidden relationship between land tenure and the conflict in Darfur it is trying to position land tenure as a major factor that is contributing to the protracted conflict in the region of Darfur. The study is a review study re-discussing the arguments established in previous papers and documents on the conflict of Darfur emphasizing the land tenure issues as central to the conflict. It provides a historical account of the land tenure polices and how they had contributed to the conflict. The study derived some recommendations that acknowledge the need for land tenure system that is gender sensitive.



"Before the Fur sultanates there was no record of the land tenure or land use systems in the region of Darfur. Thus it may only be conjectured that before the control over the Darfur sultanate by the Keira dynasty, land was a common property to which any individual or family has an equal access and entitlement opportunities. And the settlement of the group was based on the "who came first" and of course one would allow for the formulation of alliances and groups to consolidate power to increase access proflles of the individual or the group." (40)

“It should also be acknowledged that women are the prime victims of such conflicts as been evident in the all the human rights reports in Rwanda, Iraq, Bosnia and lately Sudan. It should also be acknowledged that women are the main producer and supplier of food in Darfur (most of the agricultural process are actually undertaken by women and children), thus any attempts to resolve the dispute should be gender oriented and cater for the needs of the women in the region especially access to land rights.” (54)

Topics: Armed Conflict, Gender, Land Tenure, Rights, Land Rights Regions: Africa, East Africa Countries: Sudan

Year: 2008

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