Complete Access: Women in the Bundeswehr and Male Ambivalence


Kümmel, Gerhard. 2002. “Complete Access: Women in the Bundeswehr and Male Ambivalence.” Armed Forces & Society 28 (4): 555-73.

Author: Gerhard Kümmel


The article focuses on the position of women in the armed forces of Germany and the views of men towards it. The rejection of application of Tanja Kreil, an electrician, for voluntary service in the area of maintenance on gender ground in 1986 opened a debate. After a legal battle Kreil won and it opened the way for women in all services in Germany, including the armed forces. But recent studies in the armed forces showed that most of the person think that women are objects to be protected.

Topics: Combatants, Female Combatants, Gender, Women, Men, Gendered Power Relations, Military Forces & Armed Groups Regions: Europe, Central Europe Countries: Germany

Year: 2002

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